Prague has an extensive and reliable bus and tramway service. Tickets can be bought at tobacconists and any establishment displaying the sign 'Predprodej Jizdenek' (ticket sales.)
Buses, trolleybuses and tramways also operate in Brno, Ostrava, Plzen and some other centers. Most of the local services run 0430-0000. All trams and bus stops have the schedules posted.
Prague has three metro lines that are easy to use, well-designed and clean. They are the easiest and quickest transport, especially since driving and parking in Prague is very difficult. Metro tickets are bought from machines at the stations. No other city in the Czech republic has a metro/subway.
Buy a ticket prior to boarding to avoid being fined. The ticket must be validated at the outset of the trip by inserting it into the yellow box found on trams and buses and in the entry halls of Metro stations. In Prague, ticket offices are located in many Metro stations. Tickets can also be purchased at tabak shops, newspaper stands, post offices, and from vending machines at all metro stations and at major tram stops. Those travelers who do not validate their tickets face the possibility of encountering an inspector at any time. The transportation inspectors operate in plain clothes, but should display a small metal badge (emblazoned with the words “Prepravní Kontrola”) when inspecting travelers’ tickets. Fines range from 50 to 950 CZK, but the standard on-the-spot payment for traveling without a valid ticket is 800 CZK. Inspectors should provide a receipt upon payment. Information on the types of tickets and pricing can be found here.
Taxis should be clearly marked (ideally with a permanently installed roof lamp and taxi sign) and must have driver’s information, with registration number, company name, and price list displayed on the front doors. Taxi drivers should use a taxi meter and provide a receipt (from the meter) upon completion of the trip. Taxi drivers are infamous for overcharging foreigners or taking circuitous routes to drive up fares.
The U.S. Embassy is aware of a report involving an individual who hailed a taxi on a street near a popular nightclub; the individual was robbed and sustained minor injuries before being dropped off outside of Prague. More alarmingly, the U.S. Embassy is also aware of sexual assault cases involving taxis.
Get a taxi at one of the "Fair Place" taxi stands regulated by the Prague municipality. The main taxi stand at Prague Ruzyne Airport has proven reputable. Clearly marked taxis from AAA (14-0-14) and Radio Cab 1.1.1 service the stand. Fares from the airport to the city center should run approximately 600CZK.
The Czech Republic's government-run bus network is extensive and covers many areas that are inaccessible by train. The bus service is generally efficient and comfortable. Long-distance buses serve much of Europe and should be booked in advance. On some buses, foreigners are occasionally required to pay higher fares.
Eurolines and Eurobus offer bus passes for unlimited travel for a certain period of time within Europe. For information, call Eurolines in Prague at 2-2481-4450 or 2-2481-4821.