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Ghana 
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Ghana

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- Spring
- Year

 
This guide was created to help you navigate the different aspects of travelling abroad as a UCEAP student. All important aspects of attending university in your host country are addressed here, including academic information, extension of UCEAP participation, cultural awareness, orientation, transportation, health and safety, finances and much more.

While UCEAP endeavors to keep all information in this guide updated and accurate, it should be considered in conjunction with program-specific correspondence, which may be more updated. There may be times when information relayed via such correspondence may supersede the online information. Students are responsible for reviewing all information shared through the program guides, and by UCEAP staff in California and abroad, and partners abroad.
 
UCEAP reserves the right to make changes to its programs whenever, in our sole judgment, local conditions so warrant, in response to local circumstances that could substantially change some parts of the program, or if we deem it necessary for the comfort, convenience, or safety of our program participants.
 
Remember to also visit the Participants section of the UCEAP website for important information and deadlines.
 
Click a heading below to see section content.
Your UCEAP Network

Local UCEAP Support

Campus EAP Office

The Campus EAP Office coordinates recruitment, student selection, orientations, and academic advising; and serves as your primary contact during the application process.
 

UCEAP Systemwide Office

The UCEAP Systemwide Office establishes and operates programs and coordinates UCEAP administration for all UC campuses from its headquarters in Goleta, California. You will work closely with the following Systemwide Office staff:
 
Program Advisors provide academic and operational program information to you and your campus as well as administrative support for all aspects of your participation.
 
Program Specialists manage the logistics of the program. They coordinate document requirements, visa application instructions, health and safety precautions, acceptance and placement by host institutions, arrival and onsite orientation, and housing arrangements.
 
Academic Staff advise on academic policies, review courses taken abroad for UC credit, and document your registration, grades, petitions and academic records.
 
Student Finance Accountants assist primarily with UCEAP statements, program fee collection, and financial aid disbursements (in conjunction with your campus Financial Aid Office).
 
 

Contact Information 

Program Advisor
Ciara Ristig
Phone: (805) 893-2831; E-mail: cristig@eap.ucop.edu
 
Program Specialist
Amy Frohlich
Phone: (805) 893-2831; E-mail: afrohlich@eap.ucop.edu 
 
Academic Coordinator
Jessica Brown
Phone: (805) 893-2598; E-mail: jlbrown@eap.ucop.edu

Academic Specialist
Eva Bilandzia
Phone: (805) 893-2598; E-mail: ebilandzia@eap.ucop.edu 
 
Student Finance Accountant
Britt Foley
Phone: (805) 893-4743; E-mail: stufinance@eap.ucop.edu
 
UCEAP Systemwide Office
6950 Hollister Avenue, Suite 200
Goleta, CA 93117-5823
 
Phone: (805) 893-4762; Fax: (805) 893-2583
 

UCEAP Online

Bookmark your Participants program page. This resource lists requirements and policies you need to know before you go abroad, including your Pre-Departure Checklist, UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, Program Calendar, UCEAP Student Budgets, and payment instructions.
 
Connect with us! Join our Facebook network via the UCEAP Ghana page.
 

Study Center Abroad

 
UCEAP Ghana is administered by a UCEAP Resident Director. Staff will advise you on academic matters, assist with housing, and provide information on cultural activities.
 
Professor Rose Walls, Resident Director
Sharon Okantey, UCEAP Program Coordinator
University of California Study Center
University of Ghana, PO Box 356
Legon, Ghana, West Africa
 
Phone (calling from the U.S.): (011-233-302) 500-147
Phone (calling from Ghana): 0302-500-147
Office/Cell Phone: Sharon +233-244-680-123 ​
Cell Phone: 011-233-24-025-4209 if calling from USA
 

Phone Number Codes

U.S. international code . . . . . . . . . . . . 011
(dial this to call from the U.S.)
 
Ghana country code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .233
 
Legon city code. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 030
 

Approximate Time Difference

 
Add 8 hours
 
Academic Information
Program Overview

Program Calendar

The academic year normally runs from mid-August through late May. Each University of Ghana (UG) semester has 13 weeks of lecture, one week of review, and up to one month of exams; however, delays and disruptions in the calendar are common.
 
Learning to cope with delays, substitute classes, and other departures from normal academic calendars and processes is important for a positive experience. Exercise patience and ingenuity in adapting to the changes and making the most of the experience. In case of disruption or strikes at the university, UCEAP will attempt to organize substitute classes and other activities designed to keep your academic progress on track.
 
The fall and spring programs start approximately three weeks before the University of Ghana semester begins. During this initial three weeks you will participate in a class on Ghanaian society and culture.
 

Requirements

  • Minimum of 24 UC quarter/16 UC semester units each term, approximately six or seven courses.
  • Ghana society and culture class (4 UC quarter units). Counts toward 24 unit minimum.
  • Maximum of 1/3rd (33%) of units on the pass/no pass grading option. This is done in MyEAP only.
  • MyEAP Study List registration.
  • Special Study Project form if you do a research project or internship for academic credit.

Sample MyEAP Study Lists

 

Units

UC quarter units are based on University of Ghana units; 3 UG units equal 4 UC quarter/2.7 UC semester units and 2 UG units equal 3 UC quarter/2 UC semester units. Most courses are 3 UG units.
 
The University of Ghana does not enforce a maximum number of courses or units. Past UCEAP participants have successfully completed 30 quarter/20 semester UC units in a semester in this program. 
 
 
Academic Culture
About 10 percent of the country’s students attend one of Ghana’s six public universities. Since most professional jobs require a college degree, enrollment in the university is crucial to professional advancement. Ghanaian students take their university studies seriously.
 
You have obtained a place in the university that might have gone to a local student; therefore, take your classes seriously and act responsibly so as not to be viewed as misusing the educational opportunity and the university’s scarce resources.
 
Although they are about the same age as UC students, many Ghanaian university students come from a more traditional society and have attended boarding schools for their secondary education; therefore, they are generally more conservative and respectful of authority. 
 
In secondary school, Ghanaian students specialize in science, agricultural science, arts and humanities, or business; they take a less varied but more intense curriculum than the average American student, and are consequently well grounded in their majors by the time they reach the university.
 

Flexibility, Independence, and Motivation

You are expected to show courtesy and respect when interacting with faculty, administrators, classmates, and student helpers. Your behavior should reflect positively on UC and UCEAP.
 
Be prepared for the challenges of life in a developing country and demonstrate respect for the Ghanaian people. It helps to be flexible, culturally open, and ready for the varying conditions of a far less affluent and comfortable environment than that found in California.
 
Be motivated and willing to pursue your studies with independence; be flexible in your academic plans and open to unique opportunities that may arise.
 
The oral communication characteristic of Ghanaian society applies to the university and classroom. There is less concern with providing consistent, explicit written announcements and more reliance on person-to-person communication. Cultivate relations with your Ghanaian classmates and keep in touch with other international students and the Study Center for current information.
 
Check the bulletin boards regularly for announcements about your courses, including finals, class cancellations, activities, and more.
"You'll need to work independently and be motivated to get the most of your courses." -UCEAP Student
"In America everything is spoon-fed to us in terms of resources and opportunities. Be prepared to search out opportunities and find resources." -UCEAP Student 

 

Course Information

Registration Process

Academic activity is compartmentalized because University of Ghana students take all courses in their majors and levels. As an international student, you have non-degree status, and you may take courses in a variety of disciplines and levels. Some courses are limited to students who are majoring in that subject.
 
The university publishes a student handbook that lists courses, but the timetables (schedules) are not posted until shortly before classes begin. 
 
There is a four part process for course registration.
  1. University of Ghana online registration. This is a rough schedule of courses you would like to take.
  2. Registration at each department. You will have to go to each department to request to take the courses. Departments do not have set schedules and this can take a couple of weeks.
  3. Confirmation of your course registration with the Study Center.
  4. Completion of your MyEAP Study List.
This process takes time and extreme patience. Be prepared to deal with conflicting class schedules.
   
Specific instructions for both University of Ghana and MyEAP registration procedures will be provided during your on-site orientation. 
 

Language of Instruction

All courses, except language courses are taught in English; however, the English spoken in Ghana, including in the classroom is quite different in tone, pronunciation and vocabulary from the English spoken in the US. Be prepared to take time to learn the local ways of speaking English. This will prevent much misunderstanding. Students should also remember that although English is Ghana’s official language, it is not most people’s first language. Not only are Ghanaian students learning in their second language, but professors are also likely to be speaking in their second language.
 

Course Numbers and UC Division 

Courses are assigned a University of Ghana course number related to the level (100, 200, 300, 400). You may not take 100-level courses except for language courses and certain performing arts courses. Levels 100 and 200 are lower division. UCEAP recommends the 300 and 400-level courses which are upper division. Class size tends to be smaller at the upper levels, especially in the elective courses.
 
The final digit of the course number indicates which term it is taught. Course numbers ending in odd numbers (1, 3, 5, 7, 9) are offered first semester (fall). Course numbers ending in even numbers (2, 4, 6, 8) are offered second semester (spring). Course numbers ending in 0 are offered both semesters.
 

Course Structure

The universities in Ghana are more British than American in structure and method. Instructors generally are called lecturers. You will need to listen carefully to lecturers who have accents and occasionally cope with poor-quality sound systems. Most instructors provide a course outline and a bibliography during the first two weeks of the class, but not beforehand.
 
There are generally three types of courses: 1) lectures, 2) seminars, and 3) studio courses in the arts and performance. Lecture courses are large and rather different from UC lecture courses in their objectives. Students attend lectures primarily to take notes and listen, not to discuss the subject matter, although some lecturers allow time for questions or pose questions to the students. Some lectures are complemented by a separate tutorial in which you will have more opportunity for questions and discussion. The tutorials are generally conducted by teachers’ assistants (TA). Ask your TA about tutorial sections as these will vary from class to class. Seminar courses allow for more discussion and debate.
 
Most lecturers are interested in helping international students. If there is no time to answer questions after class, you can visit faculty members during their office hours for further discussion. Faculty members usually are available during office hours or by appointment; sometimes a lecturer may be obligated to other commitments, in which case understand that this is a necessity of life in Ghana and be gracious about rescheduling an appointment. Be especially cooperative and respectful if you are working with an independent study project advisor.
"Because higher education in Ghana is based on the British system, the lecture style was almost dictation with limited discussion, but access to professors is great. The British academic style requires that you do a lot more independent work." -UCEAP student
 

Reading Materials

You are responsible for obtaining reading materials for your classes. Books are expensive and difficult to obtain and libraries do not have the resources necessary to support all coursework; therefore, lecturers frequently cannot assign readings to be done ahead of time for discussion in class. In large classes, the instructor may give the readings to a class leader who makes them available for photocopying, usually on a weekly basis. Though not all readings are discussed in class, you will be expected to read most of the items on the bibliography and cite them on your exams. Be prepared to invest time and effort into searching out resources and opportunities to enhance your academic experience. You may need to make photocopies for some of your courses; however, more courses now use readers which are prepared by the departments. This will vary from course to course.
 

Books

You are urged to take reference books as well as key articles in the field in which you plan to study.
 
The university bookstore is the best source of textbooks and supplies, although sometimes books are difficult to obtain.
 
Library facilities at the University of Ghana are considered relatively good by African standards but limited by U.S. standards. The Balme Library, the main library, has multiple copies of a limited number of textbooks, reading rooms for study, and a catalog organized differently from UC libraries. Many of the materials are dated, in poor condition, and disorganized. The library is crowded by many students trying to access few materials; access to materials is further limited because some books have been stolen, defaced, or misplaced. New improvements to the Balme Library include online services and a 24-hour reading room that is very comfortable and cool and heavily used during finals. 
 
Many academic departments have their own reading rooms with basic texts for the courses taught by the department. It may also be possible for you to use the library of the African Studies Institute, which has a good collection of books on Africa.
 
The Study Center also has a collection of books that you may use. Consider leaving books with the UCEAP Study Center or the University of Ghana library after the program. Such donations are always welcome and they benefit future students.
 
Grades
​To make the most of your courses and academic experience, independently invest time and effort to expand your study beyond the classroom. Some lecturers emphasize memorization of facts over critical analysis and expect students to reproduce the lecture material on exams. Others expect more independent work and expect students to give evidence of having mastered the readings listed in the bibliographies. There is sometimes a midterm exam and always a final comprehensive exam, which is usually in essay format, lasts about three hours, and counts for as much as 70 to 100 percent of the final grade. In addition to the final exam, many classes have continuous assessment (attendance, quizzes, assignments, papers, group projects, and class presentations) which can count for 30 percent of the final grade in some departments.
 
Attendance is important; absences may result in lower grades.
 
Past UCEAP participants who felt that a course was so easy that they did not need to attend lectures or take the class seriously were later surprised by the difficulty of the final exam. Because of the difficulty of final exams, it is recommended that you study for exams in groups, especially with Ghanaian students who are familiar with the required command of readings and know what to anticipate as possible exam topics.
 
The Balme Library has copies of previous exams from course lecturers. They can be useful as examples.
 
Local students take all of their courses in the same department as well as the same level (100, 200, 300, or 400).  If you take courses from different departments and/or levels, you may have conflicts in your final exam schedule. If you have a schedule conflict, promptly ask the UCEAP Resident Director for advice on how to make arrangements to resolve the conflict.
 
Fall grades are usually available by late January.
Spring grades are usually available from late June to early July.
 
For general information about grades, see the Academic Information chapter of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad.
 
Internships
​Independent Study, called a UCEAP Special Study Project, can enrich your experience in Ghana with fieldwork, research, or an internship. You may design a project on a topic related to West Africa, especially Ghana, which may include research or internship activities.
Only one research project or internship per student is permitted.
 
Special Study Projects are under the general direction of the UCEAP Resident Director and the supervision of a local faculty member or other qualified professional on-site. They are normally worth 6 UC quarter units although units vary depending on the type and amount of work involved.
 
Community service and volunteer opportunities, which may be developed into a Special Study Project, are available at many local nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and schools including the University Hospital, the National Theatre, and the Family and Development Programme. There are institutes or projects on the University of Ghana campus that might also opportunities for research or internships. The Study Center will provide information after arrival on service opportunities and NGOs. Past internship providers
 
Prior to Departure
  • Research possible study topics or internships and consult appropriate UC campus faculty members for advice. It may be possible to develop a project related to the research interests of a UC faculty member or to your long-term research or honors work at your UC campus.
  • Take a research methods course. If this is not possible, find an introductory research methods text in your field of interest and take the text with you to Ghana.
  • Write a preliminary proposal. Instructions for completing and submitting the proposal are in the UCEAP Predeparture Checklist. Sample preliminary proposal
  • Establish a second topic in case the first one does not work out.
  • Refer to your campus library for instructions for using the California Digital Library.
On Site in Ghana
Complete a Special Study Project form and a formal research proposal or plan of study in consultation with the UCEAP Resident Director and the host university faculty member or other designated supervisor. At this time, you will refine your topic or possibly shift it to better fit the resources available or the cultural-political environment in Ghana. Remember to be respectful and professional in your relations with your supervisors. Sample special study project form and formal proposal
 
The proposal requires:
  • Title
  • Explanation of the topic, including the objective of the study
  • Methodology to be used
  • Expected result (including the type of work to be submitted for a grade)
  • Outline of the steps to implement the project
  • List of sources to be consulted (bibliography, archives, exhibit, performances, interviewees, etc., as appropriate to the topic)
Be flexible and take advantage of the assistance of the UCEAP Resident Director and supervising instructor in Ghana to focus and refine your topic.
 

Resources

The African Studies Association also provides guidelines for ethical conduct in scholarly and professional activities in Africa: http://www.africanstudies.org/about-asa/ethical-guidelines 
Extending UCEAP Participation
You are encouraged to extend your program with UCEAP. Discuss the possibility of extension with the UCEAP Study Center.
 
Approval of extension is based on a number of factors, including space at the host university, academic and behavioral performance, and the support of your UC campus department. New incoming program participants receive priority for spaces before extending students.
 
Before departure, submit an approved Departmental and College Pre-Approval to Extend (DPA) form to your Campus EAP Office. The Study Center Director will later submit a Request for Final Approval (RFA) form in order to activate the extension request. If you do not submit an approved DPA before departure, submit a Petition to Extend form, which requires campus and department approval and can take one to six weeks to process.
 
If you extend your participation, remember to extend your visa prior to your original visa expiration date.
 
Once your extension is approved, UCEAP will notify your UC campus registrar, Financial Aid Office, and Campus EAP Office. For information about the steps you need to take in regards to finances, see the Extension of Participation chapter of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad.
Cultural Awareness
Educate Yourself
"Definitely read about Ghana before you go.  Be aware of the history of colonialism and try to understand what is going on around you." -UCEAP Student
 
Get acquainted with your new host city, country, and culture before you leave the U.S. Travel guides and travel-related websites such as Lonely Planet are excellent resources. Take at least one travel guide about Ghana and Africa with you as travel guides are not readily available in Ghana.
 
Past students have found the following guides useful: Lonely Planet’s Africa on a Shoestring and West Africa; the Bradt Travel Guide to Ghana, and the Rough Guide to West Africa.
 
Keep up with current events by reading articles in newspapers, magazines, and journals.
 
Some useful websites include: 

The Akan Language (Twi)

 
Following are some everyday Ghanaian words in the Akan language:
Come: Bra Fire: Ogya Man: Obarima
Go: Ko Water: Nsu Woman: Oba
Sit down: Tena ase Moon: Osram Human: Onipa
Drink: Nom Sun: Owia Child: Oba
Eat: Didi Father: Agya Foreigner: Obruni
Food: Aduane Mother: Ena African: Obibini
Stono: Obo
 
Your Day of the Week Name (based on the day you were born): Male Female
Sunday Kwasi Akosua
Monday Kwadwo Adowa
Tuesday Kwabena Abenaa
Wednesday Kwaku Akua
Thursday Yaw Yaa
Friday Kofi Afua
Saturday Kwame Amma
 
"Try to learn Twi immediately. It is both fun and beneficial." - UCEAP Student
"I've been watching 'The No. 1 Ladies Detective Agency' and I highly recommend watching this show or reading the books by Alexander McCall to anyone going to Ghana or Botswana." - UCEAP Student
Social Conduct
As a UCEAP student, you will need to adapt to conditions that may be considerably different than what you have ever experienced and modify some lifestyle behaviors. If you can successfully adapt, you will gain a deep understanding of Ghanaian culture, new and potentially lifelong friendships, and a different approach to things you currently take for granted (e.g., running water).  

Living in a group-oriented society

In individual-oriented societies like the U.S., the ties and expected obligations between individuals can be described as loose. In general, people are expected to look after him/herself and immediate family.
 
In group-oriented societies such as Ghana, people from birth onwards are integrated into strong, cohesive in-groups, often extended families (with uncles, aunts and grandparents) and extended social networks.
 
As a visitor to Ghana, you will not be expected to know all of the customs and appropriate behaviors. However, students should be aware that the improper behavior of a person not only influences a Ghanaian’s view and treatment of the offending individual, but can extend to the larger social group and community (e.g., other EAP students and perhaps to the University of California as a whole). Some important customs and cultural expectations are listed below:

Respect

Ghanaians are generally accepting of cultural errors made by foreigners, but you should be aware of basic cultural norms. Greetings are particularly important in Ghanaian culture, which typically come in the form of a handshake accompanied by a proper welcoming. People are extremely polite, and typically greet everyone they meet or speak to on the phone. Failing to greet someone is impolite.
 
Regardless of your ethnic background or economic status in the U.S., you will stand out in Ghana as an American.
Pay attention to the information provided during UCEAP orientations and take advantage of the knowledge and experience of Study Center staff as they advise you about appropriate behavior.
 
Some students find the pace of life much slower, and for some this is extremely difficult. It is especially difficult if you have a more rigid view of time and are trying to meet deadlines that you believe are important while everyone around you seems to be on a different schedule. It is common for appointments to be delayed and for Ghanaians to arrive to meetings late. Anticipate tardiness—it is not a sign of rudeness and should never be raised as an issue or Ghanaians will take offense.
 
Put simply by the former UCEAP Liaison Officer, “There are clocks and there is time. In Ghana, we go by time.”
Modern Ghanaian society is a mixture of traditional and Western customs. Ghanaians consider family values, respect for seniority, and the significance of proper social behavior to be very important. Conformity to social norms is expected.
 
To transition culturally and adapt to life in Ghana, you may need to make some temporary but essential compromises with who you are as an American and as a person. For example, female students may not be able to exercise the independence available to them in the United States, political discussions should be minimized, and you may want to consider keeping to yourself some of your personal beliefs. You must be ready to develop techniques and personal strategies for coping.
"The time passes both quickly and slowly.  Although Ghana is nice, you may feel homesick at times." -UCEAP Student 
Stay academically motivated and focused, and regard yourself less as a tourist and more as a serious student. Although Ghanaians are generally accepting of cultural errors made by foreigners, do not display behavior that could be perceived as rude, disrespectful, or arrogant by locals, especially toward older persons. Cultural sensitivity should always be strictly observed while traveling anywhere.
 
"Come with an open mind (rather than expectations).  It's the best formula for social learning." -UCEAP Student

Interpersonal Communications

The Study Center communicates with all students formally through email, text messages or phone calls. You will also receive written newsletters about activities in your Study Center mailbox. A lot of activities happen sporadically, check the Study Center bulletin board at least twice a week to see notices about local speakers, concerts, plays and fun travel opportunities or cultural activities they discover from media or local contacts.
 
In general, Ghanaians tend to dislike, and avoid, confrontation and will use laughter to diffuse serious or tense situations. As a consequence, UCEAP students have felt Ghanaians can be disrespectful by laughing and lightheartedly commenting during awkward moments. Understand this behavior is in no way meant to disrespect or insult others; it is a cultural coping mechanism.
 

Greetings

It is customary to shake hands when you meet or leave people. Ghanaians are extremely polite and typically greet everyone they meet or speak to on the phone. Failing to greet someone is impolite. Use your right hand for greeting, waving, exchanging money, drinking, shaking hands, and if possible, eating. Ghanaians make some allowances for left-handedness, but trying to use your right hand shows respect. Ghanaians do not eat with their left hand, as this is generally considered unclean. It is important that you always greet people, even if you are in a hurry; not greeting people appropriately is viewed as extremely offensive.
 
In conversation, people often stand close to one another.
 
"Many Ghanaians think that all Americans are rich because of how Americans are portrayed in the media and because of America's influence worldwide." -UCEAP Student 
Ghanaians will regularly ask for a student’s phone number and address very early in a conversation, even if they have never met before. The majority will be harmless but you should expect to be called regularly if you share your phone number. Do not give out your dorm address.
 
"The hardest part of adjusting is dealing with those people who obviously just want something from you." -UCEAP Student
 "Christianity is a common subject of conversation.  Some Ghanaians may continually ask you about religion and what you practice." -UCEAP Student

Body language

  • It is culturally important not to eat, point, or offer anything with your left hand because of its association with bathroom activities.
  • It is considered rude to show the bottoms of your feet or shoes to people who are facing you.
  • Prolonged eye contact, especially between men and women of the same age, can sometimes be construed as overly bold or even a sexual "come-on." Similarly, eye contact between young people and elders may be seen as rude. This may not apply when dealing with Ghanaians used to western ways, but it would be wise to interact with people in this more polite form until you know what's acceptable.
Relationships
"Women on UCEAP often find that they have to fight the impression many Ghanaian men have that American women are 'easy.'" -UCEAP Student 
"The culture shock is huge, but the only way to get over it is by immersing yourself in it.  Everyone goes through it, so talk about it with your friends and get through it together." -UCEAP Student

The Study Center will provide sessions and tips and that will help you with integration and prepare you for your Ghanaian experience. They cover special issues for women, African Americans and other people of color; and for the queer community.

African-American Students

African-American students sometimes go to Ghana with expectations of being more easily or rapidly accepted into African culture. In reality, Ghanaians see all Americans, regardless of their skin color, as foreigners who are unfamiliar with African culture or mores. A book that treats this subject sensitively is Maya Angelou’s memoir, All God’s Children Need Traveling Shoes. You can also read at the Study Center, Resident Director Rose Walls' book, In Ghana Here. It covers practical adjustment experiences in a humorous manner.

Male-Female Interactions

"Pay attention to how Ghanaian males and females interact.  Follow their guidelines for social norms." -UCEAP Student
 
Past male students have commented that interaction with local women is not easy. Ghanaian women are more reserved than American women.
 
Lonely Planet’s Healthy TravelAfrica provides some insight on social expectations and queues between men and women in African society. It is important for males to be aware of what fellow female UCEAP students will experience; the attention they receive is greater than what males will experience.
 

Female Students and Harassment

Be careful about dating. Avoid inviting men to your room as some men might view this as an invitation for sex. American women are accustomed to the concept of platonic friendship with males, which does not necessarily translate in Ghanaian culture. Going out with or talking with a man may have a different meaning in Ghana than you may intend. Your actions are stronger than your words.
 
Be prepared for attention from local males. “Bring me to America” and “marry me” are common requests, mostly from men off campus. It is common for female students in Ghana to receive marriage proposals. It may be difficult in the beginning to distinguish sexual harassment from routine attention. If harassment becomes unbearable, consult with the Study Center.
 
There are steps you can take to minimize harassment:
  • Integrate into the community;
  • Make friends with local women;
  • Learn from local women about self-protection;
  • Dress and behave according to local customs;
  • Stay in control and keep your senses; stay sober and alert; and
  • Have a buddy system and travel in groups
  • Follow your intuition if something “doesn’t feel right” and immediately remove yourself from the situation
It is understandable that harassment can escalate if you feel angry and exasperated because of the harassment. Confrontations only elicit further attention, thus it is best to respond as follows:
  • Ignore the harassment;
  • Pretend confusion or lack of understanding; and
  • Move away from the situation.
Attire
Ghanaians are meticulous about their attire. Ghanaian students dress more formally on campus. Cleanliness is a sign of respect, and clothes should be relatively conservative. You will have to hand wash your clothes or use a laundry service. Laundry services are available on campus. They wash and iron clothing for a very reasonable price and many students use their services throughout the semester.
 
Ghanaians dress more conservatively than American students. UC students tend to dress more casually at formal occasions. Many UCEAP students have commented that they felt underdressed at times. Ghanaians also express offense when foreign students wear “raggedy” clothing to school.
 
Take lightweight clothing that can be hand washed and drip-dried (cotton is best). Most wash will be dry cleaned or laundered by hand. Clothes that cover more skin are good barriers against the sun and mosquito bites. Returnees suggest ironing clothes after air drying them to remove parasites or insects. This also helps with mold which is a very real problem due to the high humidity.
 
Pack 1–2 days’ worth of clothes in your carry-on luggage. If your luggage is delayed, you will have some clothes until you are able to retrieve your luggage. UCEAP students have had such problems in the past.
 
  • Skirts and shorts typically are knee-length or longer.
  • Do not show your midriff, unless at the beach.
  • Sandals are acceptable shoes to wear, though flip-flops are regarded as shower shoes.
  • In the presence of a chief, queen mothers, or elder, remove headwear, including earphones.
  • Brightly colored clothes are acceptable.
Personal hygiene and a neat appearance are very important. Also, Ghana is humid; take small handkerchiefs to use for sweat.
 
"Wearing dirty clothes to class is a sign of disrespect to fellow students and lecturers.  Cool cotton dresses, jeans, and shirts are good." -UCEAP Student 
Official Start Date & Mandatory Orientation
Before departure, look online at YouTube videos of past Ghana UCEAP orientations.
 
After arrival in Legon (Accra), you will attend a three-week mandatory orientation. This includes an academic course called Ghana Society and Culture for which you earn 4 UC quarter units and a grade. The course includes lectures by University of Ghana faculty members, field study trips, and basic Twi lessons. Topics include culture and religion, arts and crafts, music and dance, education and traditional governance, politics, and gender. You will keep a journal and have assignments based on the study trips to Kumasi and the Cape Coast, lectures, and other activities.
 
In addition to the academic session, you will attend a mandatory orientation provided by the UCEAP Study Center that covers:
  • Information on travel, health, safety, money matters, markets, food, and practical living tips
  • Visits to historic sites
  • Music and dance lessons
  • Participation in a traditional festival or other field trips
  • An introduction to your local student guide, who will be with you throughout orientation
  • Academic information, including available courses and host institution and MyEAP Study List Registration
After the orientation in Ghana and throughout the program, it is vital that you attend all meetings called by the Study Center, respond promptly to messages, and maintain contact with the UCEAP Resident Director and Study Center staff.
Travel Planning
Travel to Your Host Country
The UCEAP program budget does not include funds for recreational travel abroad.
UCEAP strongly recommends purchasing changeable round trip tickets, which will allow you to make changes to your return flight for a fee. UCEAP discourages purchasing one way tickets, as your Program Budget is based on a changeable round trip student fare, which is generally less expensive. Carefully research airfare rules prior to purchasing a flight. Standby and courier fares are not appropriate. Plan for this expense. Neither UCEAP nor the Financial Aid office will reserve or pay for your ticket. If you are on financial aid, you will need to purchase a plane ticket before you receive a financial aid disbursement.
 
Most airline tickets are good for one year only. When buying round-trip tickets, purchase tickets that allow changes to the return date. If you do not make round-trip arrangements, be sure to book a return flight with plenty of lead time once abroad. Flights to the U.S. fill up fast and economy-fare seats are booked early.
When traveling always carry your passport, airline ticket, prescription medications, and money on your person. Never put valuables in your checked luggage. 
If you arrive on the Official Arrival Date, the Study Center will pick you up at the airport transport you and your luggage to the campus for initial orientation. 
 
Failure to attend the on-site orientation is cause for dismissal from the program (UCEAP Student Agreement). More detailed arrival information and directions to the check-in point are provided before departure.
 
The program dates can change due to unforeseen circumstances, and you are responsible for any fees associated with tickets. UCEAP is not responsible for any unrecoverable transportation charges you may incur for travel arrangements.
 
When you arrive, enter the arrival area and walk toward the immigration desk marked “Other Travelers” and wait in line behind the red line until it is your turn. Before going through immigration and customs, you will need to complete an arrival card. The card must be legible and in CAPS with contact information for the University of Ghana. The form should be distributed in-flight. If you do not get the form before arrival, make sure you get one before going through immigration and customs. Forms are available on the left as you enter the customs hall.
 
If you choose not to arrive on the official arrival date, you may not be met at the airport, unless it has been pre-arranged with the local Ghana staff.
 
Arriving/departing Kotoka International Airport in Accra can be chaotic and intimidating. Renovations make retrieving luggage in the baggage claim a more streamlined process. Although the arrival area has also been renovated, you can experience long lines at immigration and delays in getting luggage, as there is still a shortage of personnel. The delays are exacerbated by multiple flights landing at the same time.
 
Security in the baggage claim area is randomly enforced and is sometimes limited to customs inspections. 
 
Do not allow strangers to attempt to assist you with your luggage. If you need a taxi, it is best to arrange or hire a taxi inside the terminal before you exit the airport.  It may cost slightly more, but you will save time and energy.  Local drivers have a reputation for charging excessive fares because there are currently no metered cabs.  You can always bargain with the driver to beat down the price. You can also arrange transit via UBER app.  You may have this application on your mobile phone.
 
You are responsible for reserving and purchasing your tickets (even if you are on full financial aid). Your Financial Aid Office is not responsible for purchasing tickets. You are strongly urged to purchase a changeable airline ticket. Standby tickets are not appropriate for UCEAP.
 

Financial Aid Students

Your financial aid package is calculated using your specific UCEAP Program Budget. The estimated round-trip airfare amount is based on the cost of a changeable student ticket to your host country. If your independent travel costs are greater than the airfare estimate in the UCEAP Program Budget, notify your financial aid counselors. Neither UCEAP nor the Financial Aid Office can guarantee that the additional cost will be funded by financial aid.
Travel Documents
Additional information about passports, visas, and other required documents is provided in the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad and on the UCEAP website.
After arrival you will be required to give your passport to the Ghana Immigration Service for resident permit processing. During this time, which can last anywhere from two to six weeks, you may not leave Ghana. The Study Center and the host university conduct the required three-week orientation and help facilitate the resident permit process. You can read more about this local government requirement on the Ghana Immigration Service website.
 

Visa Requirement

All nationalities require a visitor’s visa to study in Ghana. A visa is an endorsement issued by Ghana authorities before your departure. The visitor’s visa grants you permission to enter and reside in Ghana. A return airline ticket is not required to obtain a student visa.
 
A multiple-entry visa is also available if you are considering travel to another country. You do not need a host university acceptance letter to apply for a visitor’s visa at the Ghanaian embassy.
 
Students who extend their stay may need to renew their resident’s permit with Ghana immigration depending on the length of time they remain in the country.  The resident permit generally allows one year of residency.
 

Certificate of Yellow Fever Immunization

The government in Ghana requires yellow fever vaccination before arrival. Upon arrival at the airport, you may need to present a valid international certificate of yellow fever vaccination or you will not be allowed to stay in the country. You should be immunized at the time you complete your UCEAP Health Clearance on your UC campus.
 

U.S. Department of State Registration

UCEAP strongly recommends that you sign up for the U.S. Department of State’s free Smart Traveler Enrollment Program to receive the latest travel updates and information.
 

Photocopies

Make photocopies of all important documents, including the identification page of your passport, vaccination certificates, travelers check receipts, airline tickets, your student ID and birth certificate, etc., and leave a set of copies at home with a parent or guardian. Spending a few moments copying documents now can save time if something is lost or stolen.
 

Undocumented Students and Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) Students

Consult with an immigration attorney free of charge on your campus to determine if study abroad is right for you.

If you are currently enrolled as a student at UC Berkeley, contact the Undocumented Student Program http://undocu.berkeley.edu.

If you are currently enrolled as a student at UC Davis, UC Irvine, UCLA, UC Merced, UC Riverside, UC San Diego, UC San Francisco, UC Santa Barbara, or UC Santa Cruz, contact the UC Undocumented Legal Services Center at https://law.ucdavis.edu/uc-undocumented/.
 
Packing Tips
The UCEAP Program Budget does not include funds to purchase clothing abroad.
 
UCEAP students have found that they could buy most of the things they need in Ghana. They note that the mosquito nets sold at the pharmacy on the University of Ghana campus are less expensive than in the U.S.
 
It is illegal to wear any military clothing or sportswear with a camouflage design. Leave these items at home.
 
See the section on attire in this guide under Cultural Awareness for more tips.
 
Essential​​
  • Camera
  • Antimalarial medication (see the Staying Healthy chapter in this guide)
  • Mosquito repellent with high DEET level (30 percent recommended)
  • Fiber supplement and multivitamins
  • Anti-itch cream/hydrocortisone
  • Anti-cold/fever medicine
  • Anti-rash/fungal cream
  • Treatment for upset stomach and diarrhea (e.g., Pepto-Bismol or Imodium)
  • Electric plug adapters and transformer (see Electrical Appliances in this chapter)
  • Small luggage locks
  • Twin-size bed linens and a pillow
  • Quick-dry microfiber towels
  • Antibacterial hand sanitizer
  • USB flash drives (pen drives)
  • Sunscreen SPF 50 or above
  • Nice outfits for formal occasions and outings
  • Lightweight, easy-to-care-for clothing that can be hand washed and drip-dried
  • Lightweight rain gear
  • Sturdy, comfortable shoes with straps (e.g., Teva, Chakos)
  • LCD self-powered flashlight
  • Refillable water bottle
Optional
  • Laptop with lock (computer viruses are a problem in Africa; make sure you have the latest antivirus software)
  • Money belt
  • Mosquito net (can be purchased in Ghana)
  • SteriPEN UV water purifier
  • Padlock for dorm room closet (padlocks are also available in any Ghanaian market including the on-campus “Bush Canteen”)
  • Conversion chart to the metric system
  • Earplugs (the dorms can be noisy)
  • Favorite cosmetics or toiletries (tampons, deodorant, shampoo)
  • Favorite paperback books
  • American gifts for new friends, especially if you are invited to a Ghanaian home (suggestions: Frisbees; T-shirts with city, state, or campus logos; UC pens or pencils; decals; baseball caps; or California postcards, posters, or scenic calendars)
  • Swimsuit or beachwear
  • Favorite comfort or staple foods. Example: salsa, burrito kit, gum, etc. You can get an El Paso Taco kit for about $15, or about 3 times the cost in the USA.
  • Snacks like candy and granola bars (former students consider this essential)
  • White T-shirts and black pants or tights for the practical dance course
  •  

Electrical Appliances

Voltage is 240V (U.S. is 110 volts). Transformer and adapter plugs are needed to use appliances from home. Both round and flat three-pronged plugs are commonly used.  Markets on campus and in town sell plug converters, though the quality may be substandard.
 
"You can buy beautiful and inexpensive clothing in Ghana. Most people buy material and take it to a tailor to have a dress or shirt made.  This is a fun and inexpensive way to fit into Ghanaian culture, so don't pack too much." -UCEAP Student
"Petty theft is common in Ghana, so don't take anything you don't want to lose." -UCEAP Student
"Take a pair of good walking shoes.  Mosquito repellant and netting are crucial!" -UCEAP Student
 

Climate

​​Ghana lies entirely within the tropics. The average temperature is between 70ºF (21ºC) and 90ºF (32ºC) and humidity is high. There are two rainy seasons (April to June and September to November) and one dry season (December to March). Severe torrential rain falls during the annual wet seasons. This causes floods in low-lying areas, and riverbanks overflow easily. The sewage system in Accra and surrounding regions is inadequate even during periods of normal precipitation. During the floods, the system is severely over-burdened.
 
To protect yourself during hot weather:
  • Wear sunscreen and a hat;
  • stay hydrated;
  • watch for mild to moderate signs of dehydration: dry, sticky mouth; sleepiness or tiredness; thirst; headache; clammy skin; dizziness or lightheadedness; constipation, etc.;
  • watch for heat stroke signs: hot or flushed dry skin, rapid heart rate, confusion, or loss of consciousness; and 
  • wear sunglasses with 100% UV protection.
Insurance for Personal Posessions
Consider having additional protection for your property. In spite of your best efforts, it is still possible to experience loss, theft, or accidents that will damage your belongings while traveling. Talk to your parents and analyze their family homeowners’ insurance to determine whether the items brought or bought while abroad are covered by their policy.
 
UCEAP Travel Insurance policy offers limited personal property coverage.  UCEAP strongly recommends that you examine the details of the UCEAP Travel Insurance benefits and purchase additional property insurance coverage, especially to protect high cost items such as laptop computers, Smartphones, tablets, and other valuables. Review the policy carefully before departure and determine if it provides adequate coverage for your possessions before you experience a loss. 
 
If you decide to purchase supplemental personal property coverage, do so before departure and make sure that the coverage extends while traveling because most theft occurs in the airport or while moving into housing. The host university does not protect student belongings—even in university accommodations.
 
You are responsible for your own personal property. Use logical precautions to safeguard valuables from damage or theft by locking your room and securing currency, jewelry, passport, and other possessions. Avoid wearing expensive clothing or jewelry and going to questionable parts of the city, especially at night or when alone. Minimize your vulnerability by staying in control of your drinking and your behavior. Do not invite casual acquaintances or strangers home.
 
Financial Information
Understanding Your Finances
It is important that you carefully read all of the information available in the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad and discuss it with the person who will assist you with your finances while you are abroad.
 
Understanding your finances before, during, and after your program is crucial to having a successful time abroad. The following list outlines just a few of the many things you will need to know before departure.
 
Detailed information on the following topics can be found in the Money Matters chapter of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad:
  • Contact information for finance questions
  • How to estimate the cost of your program
  • Budget instructions and information
  • Who Can and How to make payments to UCEAP
  • UCEAP student account information(what fees do I pay to UCEAP and what fees do I pay out of pocket?)
  • Banking before and after arrival
  • Fees and penalties
  • Loan information
  • How financial aid works while abroad (how do I get my financial aid from my home campus and how are my fees paid?)
  • Various forms (e.g., direct deposit, etc.)
​​
 
Your MyEAP Account & Budget
Your MyEAP Student Account is similar to your UC campus financial account. It will be available as soon as you are selected for your program in MyEAP. You can make payments through this account using e-checks or credit cards (MasterCard, Visa, American Express, or Discover). The fees that you owe UCEAP will be applied to your account after your program pre-departure withdrawal date, which is listed in MyEAP. For the amount due to UCEAP prior to fees being posted on your account, refer to the UCEAP Program Budget and Payment Schedule located on the second page of your UCEAP Program Budget. Program fees are subject to change.
 
Carefully review your UCEAP Program Budget.
 
Your UCEAP Program Budget lists the fees you will pay to UCEAP and an estimate of the personal expenses you will need to plan for. It does not include the cost of recreational travel or personal entertainment. Review your UCEAP Program Budget frequently. The Payment Schedule is on the second page of the UCEAP Program Budget.
 

Instructions

  • Download and print your UCEAP Program Budget and Payment Schedule.
  • Note the deadlines on the Payment Schedule.
  • Give the UCEAP Program Budget and Payment Schedule to the person responsible for paying your UCEAP bills. Sign this person up for Third Party Authorization on MyEAP so they can make payments online.
For further information see the Money Matters chapter of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad and the Money Matters tab of your Participants Portal. If you will be receiving financial aid, see also the UCEAP Financial Assistance web page.
​​
 
​​

Refund of Credit balances and Financial Aid Disbursements:

 
If you are signed up for Direct Deposit on your UC campus, it is not linked to your MyEAP account. You must sign up for eRefund with UCEAP to receive direct deposits from your MyEAP account. For more information, see the UCEAP eRefund Instructions.
 
​​​​
Handling Money Abroad
The official currency unit in Ghana is the cedi (abbreviated GHC).
Be cautious about carrying and displaying money and expensive personal items. Use ATMS with caution.
The majority of UCEAP students use their ATM card from a home account in the U.S. to access money in Ghana. ATM cards must have the Visa logo. Make sure your PIN does not exceed four characters. Withdrawals from your U.S. bank account can take time to post, so be careful not to overdraw.  Students can use their Bank of America ATM card at Barclay's Bank without a problem, but inform Bank of America of your travel plans before leaving the US.
 
Cashing travelers checks can be time consuming. Once abroad, you can change money into cedis on campus, at one of the many Forex Bureaus in Accra, or at the airport. Currency exchange is also available at most banks. The exchange rate is about 25 percent better for cash than it is for travelers checks.
 
Conduct foreign currency transactions only through registered banks and licensed foreign exchange bureaus. Currency transactions with private citizens are illegal.
 
Do not have checks sent to you in Ghana. Checks can take up to six weeks to clear.
 
Year students can open a bank account at Barclays Bank or the Standard Bank on campus and then receive additional money through wire transfers into the account. This will allow you to access money from ATMs, which can be found on campus in Accra and throughout other big cities. Bank of America is associated with Barclays Bank, so if you have an account with Bank of America you will not be charged an international fee for withdrawals and wire transfers.
 
Another option would be a Charles Schwab account because you can withdraw for free and they will reimburse you for any fees incurred -- however Charles Schwab accounts may require you to have a minimum in your account.
 
Western Union can be used to transfer funds to Ghana, although past students say the charges are high and conversion rates are low.
 
"The easiest money to change is large bills.  There is a much better rate for larger bills than smaller ones." -UCEAP Student
 

Credit Cards

Credit cards are accepted by malls, hotels, and modern supermarkets.  However, UCEAP and the U.S. Embassy in Ghana strongly advise against the use of credit cards in Ghana or anywhere else in Africa. Credit card fraud is a major problem in Ghana. It is more common to use cash rather than credit cards. Returnees report that Visa is the best credit card to use, and that MasterCard and American Express are seldom accepted throughout Ghana. Refrain from using a credit card unless absolutely necessary.
 
Communications Abroad
​"People love titles here.  Use 'sir' or 'ma'am' and proper greetings such as 'good morning/afternoon/evening'.  Ghanaians appreciate being greeted when you enter a room.  If you respect their presence, they'll respect yours." -UCEAP Student
Internet Access

Wi-Fi

Free Wi-Fi connectivity is now available at all the dorms on campus. Students can connect to Wi-Fi Internet using their laptops, smartphones, and other Internet devices. Most of the lecture halls and popular locales on campus also have free wi fi but these can be very slow. You can also purchase a 4G modem, stick or MiFi for $25 and you would have to buy top up units depending on the data usage. 
  

Computers

The Study Center recommends that you take a laptop as wireless Internet is available in the International Programs Office which is next to the Study Center. You must equip your laptop with the latest antivirus software; computer viruses are common in Africa. The Study Center also has computers that you can use during office hours. Free wireless Internet is available at the American Corner on campus. The U.S. embassy has an American Corner, equipped with new computers, books, periodicals, and other media.
 
Ghana uses a different electric current than what is used in the U.S. and electricity can be sporadic, so you will need both an adapter and a surge protector. You may also consider purchasing a portable hard drive or CD-ROMs for data storage, as some students have found that flash drives were destroyed by viruses.
 
Internet access may be much slower and sometimes unreliable. Adjust your expectations.
 
Phones
Time difference: add 8 hours
All UCEAP students obtain cell phones in Ghana, which allow you to receive calls free of charge. Basic Nokia cell phones cost between $20–$50. A prepaid card is needed to make outgoing calls. Phone credit recharge cards are widely available and can be purchased in units of $1 to $10. Local calls typically cost less than 5 cents per minute; international calls vary from 10-20 cents per minute. You can take a cell phone to Ghana that operates on the GSM network and purchase a SIM card locally; however, the fee for decoding the U.S. cell phone is more expensive than buying a new phone in Ghana.
 
Social networking software such as Skype is commonly used to make free or low-cost calls over the Internet. Most UCEAP students take laptops to Ghana and/or use the wireless Internet in the Study Center to connect with family in the U.S.
 
Mail & Shipments
Shipping often results in more expense and trouble than anticipated.  The Study Center will not collect luggage shipped in advance, and staff will not pick up luggage that must be claimed at a customs office or dock. You may not send luggage to an in-transit location.
 
The postal system in Ghana is typically slow and sometimes unreliable. Provide the following mailing address to friends and relatives who will send you packages in Ghana:
 
Postal Address for UCEAP
Your Name
UCEAP
P. O. Box LG 356
University of Ghana
Legon, Ghana
West Africa
 
For Courier Services (Package delivery to the Centre)
Your Name
UCEAP Ghana Study Centre
P. O. Box LG 356
University of Ghana
Legon Campus, Ghana
International Programmes Building
First Floor, Right Wing
Room #F15
TEL: 0302-500147
 
Do not use the director’s name in the address.
 
Packages are charged a tax and service fee, which differs depending on the size and contents of the package. Postal employees tax packages due to local custom regulations. There is a higher tax if the package contains electronics or food such as cookies and candies.
 

Retrieving Packages at the Post Office

UCEAP returnees say that it can be costly to retrieve packages at the post office. Packages mailed from abroad via regular mail (i.e., not a private courier) are kept at the Ghana post office. Students are sent a package slip to pick up their packages personally. The Study Center advises that you go the post office with your student ID card, be courteous with the officers, and use the bargaining Twi you will learn during orientation and you may have your tax reduced. Ghanaians must also go through this process when receiving packages from abroad; it is a part of the bureaucracy that comes along with living and studying in most foreign locations.
 
Packages sent through a private courier service are delivered at the Study Center. Returnees recommend that students use UPS or FedEx, though it is more expensive. The fees charged by FedEx and UPS generally do not require the receiver to pay taxes.  The custom fees are generally pre-charged to the sender.
 
Housing & Meals
Where Will I Live?
You will live on campus in a residence hall. You will be asked to choose one before departure: Volta Hall, Legon Hall, and International Students Hostel (ISH).  UC students have a choice; all other international students live in ISH or off campus.  All dorms include laundry, free Wi-Fi, dining halls, and a curfew.
  • Free internet Wi-Fi is available everywhere on campus.  
  • Rooms are doubles and shared with a UCEAP, international, or local Ghanaian student.
  • The dorm will provide you with a bed, chair, writing table, and armoire. Bring your own twin-size bed sheets, towels, and pillows. You can buy sheets in Ghana, but the Study Center recommends bringing them from home because you will need them immediately.
  • Basic communal kitchens are on each floor.
  • The majority of rooms have a thick wooden door with a Chubb Lock. Rooms also have bars and mosquito nets over the windows.
  • The dorm cost for a double room is included in the UCEAP fees. Choosing a more expensive housing option will result in your MyEAP account being adjusted for actual housing costs. 
  • Past students have complained that housing and tuition costs for Ghanaian students are less than those charged to international students. The Ghanaian government subsidizes the housing and tuition costs for the Ghanaian students. This is similar to the UC policy of charging different fees for in-state and out-of-state students.
  • You are responsible for the cost of meals.
  • Your payment to UCEAP does not cover the housing costs for the time between terms in Ghana (for year students). The cost is reasonable if you plan ahead for this expense.
  • If you need to change the hall to which you have been assigned, contact Study Center staff after arrival.
  • Off-campus housing is not permitted.
  • There is a UG housing video on YouTube.
 
Volta Hall is an all-female hall located at the upper west side of campus open to female students only.  It contains a porters lodge, guest rooms, chapel, dining hall, library, annex, laundry service, hair salon, convenience store, and a computer lab with printer and free Wi-Fi.  The students are from the freshman through the senior classes.  Most of students in Volta will have another UC student as their roommate.  Volta hall is a ten minute walk from the California Study Center (SC).
 
Legon Hall is a co-ed dorm open to male UC students. It is also located on the upper western side of campus.  It is composed of a main hall and three annexes.  The main hall, designated for both men and women, consists of a porters lodge, a professors’ lounge, a dining hall, a library, a study room, two computer labs, a laundry service, a hair salon, pharmacy, and a convenience store.  Behind the main hall are three annexes: Annex A, which houses men; Annex B which houses women; and Annex C which houses graduate level students.  Similar to Volta Hall, Legon Hall is designated for students who are from the freshman through the senior class.   The UC students in Legon hall live on the fourth floor of annex A.  You will have another UC student as your roommate.  Legon Hall is a ten minute walk from the California Study Center.
 
International Students Hostel (ISH) is a co-ed hostel on the south end of campus and divided into two separate buildings: ISH 1 and ISH 2.  Each Hostel has 4 floors with rooms of single and double occupancy. Each floor has a laundry room, 2 kitchenettes and a T.V. lounge. The ground floor has two Reading Rooms. There is also a porter’s lodge, a small restaurant, and a computer lab.  It also has an open air food market just one block away. It is a 20 minute walk from ISH to the California study center. 
 "Don't feel that you have to be different because you're foreign.  Try your best to blend in, learning customs and appropriate behavior, and you'll learn much more about Ghanaian life." -UCEAP Student

Dorm Life

Residence hall life is very important to the Ghanaian students. You may have lived mostly off campus, and may not be used to dorm life. It is important for you to adapt to residence hall culture if you are to make the most of your Ghana experience. The campus is buzzing with activity every evening and on weekends that is, in part, driven by residence hall relationships.
 
Residence halls are based on the British model. This means that the residence hall is not only a place to sleep but a place to live. Volta and Legon Halls very much follow this tradition. In addition to formal dining halls, there are smaller eateries, the equivalent of pubs, small shops, Internet cafés, senior (students) commons rooms, and staff (faculty) commons rooms. The halls have their own athletic teams that regularly compete against other halls, and generally see themselves as important units of campus life.
Volta and Legon Halls offer a wonderful opportunity to make Ghanaian friends and have late night conversations and bond over fetching water or doing laundry.  In addition, you can participate in hall pride events, like the Volta Hall Fashion Show or the Legon Hall Week.  Living in Volta or Legon greatly impresses local students and makes them more comfortable with you.  Ghanaians meeting you will be pleasantly surprised you don’t live in ISH.  Students living in Volta and Legon can expect many people to come by their room, whether or not they personally know the student.  People selling goods, advertising religion, or looking to borrow something are the most common visitors.  It’s acceptable to refuse any of their requests. ISH is composed of international students, including students from the African continent, as well as Ghanaian students.  Though ISH does not have Ghanaian students in great number as other halls do, a blending of cultures still occurs amongst the students and all are able to genuinely gain some type of cultural experience.
 
The differences in dorm life between UC and universities in Ghana will take adjustment. Particularly unusual is the different schedules Ghanaian students keep, going to sleep early and rising early. UC students initially complain about the early morning “noise” of megaphone or microphone amplified preaching coming from their main quads/yards. Ghana is a very devout nation, with all manner of fundamentalist churches and a very high percentage of demonstrative Christian students. The interface between Americans and locals can lead to misunderstanding and even hostility. You must understand the importance of tolerance and realize that you are in another country. Rather than expect local people to change their behavior, you need to make the adaptations. Remember that you are studying abroad to experience another culture—not to impart your values and culture.
 "Be open to other things besides your own way of living and interacting.  Be culturally sensitive.  You are the foreigner, and some things are done differently in Ghana." -UCEAP Student

Internet, Water, and Power

Internet, water, and power outages occur in all halls.  Water on campus is more plentiful during the rainy season, but does not run continuously.
 
Volta Hall
During water outages, water poly tanks are located on each floor and the study center provides students with containers to store water.  During power outages, students have their own rechargeable lamps and flashlights as there are no backup generators.
 
Legon Hall
Legon has more frequent water outages and water poly tanks are available.  When water stops running, students fetch water from the ground floor. Students in Legon take many bucket showers.  Just like Volta Hall, the study center provides water containers to store water. Bathrooms in Legon are very large and open and offer little privacy.
Legon’s power remains constant during both the rainy and dry season.  Students still equip their room with flashlights and rechargeable lamps in case of a mass power outage on campus.  The main hall’s restaurant, Time Out, supplies a power generator to dining students. 
 
International Student Hostel (ISH)
There are water reservoir tanks on the roofs and grand floor of both ISH 1 and ISH 2.  For power shortages, backup generators are available.
"Remember that you chose to go to Ghana.  Never expect things to change for you, just accept situations as they are and learn from them." -UCEAP Student

Dorm Safety

While violent crime is rare, petty theft occurs in all dorms. Keep your doors and windows locked at all times even if you step out to use the washroom. All rooms have desks or wardrobes with lockable drawers and chambers. Theft has occurred in UCEAP student rooms when doors and windows were unlocked, even if just for a minute. 
 
Volta Hall
Volta Hall’s main entry is guarded by porters 24 hours a day.  The main entry is closed during the late evening and reopened in the morning.  The Volta porters and Volta students are very strict about visiting hours.  No male students may enter or exit between set hours (11pm to 8am).  Porters and security guards have amazing memories and will find and kick out visiting students in the late evenings.  Only one guard is on duty during the evening hours. 
 
Legon Hall
Legon’s main hall has three main entry ways during the day and only one is open at night.  The response time of both the porters and security guards to incidents are often slow.  Legon Hall’s Annexes A through C are also loosely guarded, so one needs to take good precautions to avoid theft. 
 
International Students Hostel (ISH)
In each of the International Students Hostels, there is one main entry way.  Each entrance is tended by two security guards and porters 24 hours a day.  The porters require all visitors to check-in.  Like Volta, ISH has strict visiting hours.  Porters and security have great memory and will actively seek out visiting students after hours.
Food and Meals
"Prepared meals are expensive and market food gets boring. Bring some favorite stovetop recipes (simple ingredients only!) and plan to do your own cooking." -UCEAP Student 
Ghanaian textures and tastes are quite different from what you may be used to in the US. Be prepared for what will seem like sparse conditions for obtaining, preserving, and cooking food. Take some of your favorite spices from home.
 
Typical meals consist of red palm oil, fish, red meat, chicken, rice, plantains, and cassava, a starchy root that is usually mashed. Many of the green vegetable dishes are mixed with small pieces of fish, and special vegetarian options of this kind are rarely possible with canteen or street foods.
 
You can eat in the dorm commons or at restaurants or the Bush Canteen on campus. A short walking distance from the International Students Hostel is the All Needs grocery store. There are many restaurants and import supermarkets in Accra Mall, A & C Mall, Osu near Danquah Circle and Cantonments Road,  East Legon, at “37”, and at several nearby shopping malls. These stores and restaurants have foods that may be more familiar to foreign students, but they will also be more expensive.
 
Meals on campus cost about $2–$5, depending on your taste. A reasonably good meal in a Western-style restaurant starts at about $12. Popular kebabs ("meat sticks") are about 50 cents each.
 
Some portion sizes are big and food sharing is quite common. People may invite you to eat their food right from their plates (with your hands). Never refuse food, even if it looks unappetizing. Visitors are always offered a glass of water and sometimes some cream crackers. Offer the same when people visit you.
 
Bottled water is inexpensive and plentiful. Purified (filtered) water is called “pure water” and is available everywhere in sachets. This water is cheaper than that which comes in bottles and it is of the same or comparable quality. When you are off campus or traveling without bottled water, take the necessary precautions and prepare your water by boiling or using iodine tablets.
 

Vegetarian and Vegan Options

Maintaining a vegetarian or vegan diet in Ghana is very easy if you choose to cook and prepare meals for yourself. Across the street from the campus (10 minute walk) is a modern supermarket (Max Mart) that contains ethnic food sections from around the world and special sections on natural and organic foods.  There are also several vegetarian restaurants that make and sell tofu and other vegan products in East Legon and near the airport.  A growing focus on wellness in the Accra metropolitan area and push by the Ministry of Health has caused several area restaurants to focus on providing more vegan options on their menu.  The vegetable market at the “37” bus station is also a regular shopping point for vegetarians.
 
Being a vegetarian or vegan requires a bit more work and patience when eating out or at the dorms in Ghana.  Traditional meals still rely heavily on the use of fish (fresh, smoked or salted) to provide protein.  In Ghana, “fish” is not considered a meat, so when inquiring about a vegetarian dish, you will need to ask specifically if it contains meat or fish and you must specify when ordering that you desire to have no meat or fish in your dish.  This can be done, but you should be prepared to wait as most food with special requirements are prepared when ordered.   
 
Common Dishes in Ghana
Banku: Side dish of fermented corn dough
 
Cassava: Brown root, smaller than a yam (its thick skin must be removed)
 
Cocoyam: Small round and brown root the size of a potato
 
Corn dough: Used in the preparation of banku and kenkey
 
Fufu: Made with mashed cassava and plantain or mashed yam, pounded with a fufu stick until it becomes a rather large glutinous mass (like mashed potatoes) usually served with groundnut, palm nut, or garden egg soup
 
Garden eggs: Vegetable like an eggplant, but about the size of a lemon and yellow or white when ripe
 
Gari: Shredded dry cassava (eaten like cereal with sugar and milk, or soaked and then eaten with sauce)
 
Ground-nut soup: Mixture of peanut butter and tomato soup, contains chicken or meat and served with yam, rice, plantain, fufu, kenkey, or bread rolls
 
Kelewele: Fried plantain chips seasoned with ginger and hot pepper eaten as a snack, like peanuts)
 
Kenkey: Boiled fermented corn dough wrapped in dried corn leaves and
served with sauce or fried fish and pepper sauce
 
Kontomire: Spinach cooked in sauce with palm oil (served with banku, kenkey, gari, yam, plantain, or rice)
 
Palm-nut soup: Small red fruits from a type of palm tree are boiled, pounded and strained, and cooked into a thick soup
 
Paw paw: Papaya
 
Plantain: Looks like a large banana, but is starchier and requires cooking (good when extremely ripe, sliced thin, and fried in oil—often sold grilled on the streets)
 
Red red: deep-fried beans (can be accompanied by onions, oil, gari, plantains and spices)
 
Toogbei: Fried doughnut holes
 
Yam: Two kinds are available—the pona yam, very large, light brown root, usually smooth outside, is best for boiling; and the butter yam, which is slightly darker than the pona variety and rough on the outside
 
UCEAP Student Quotes
​"Personal space and private property are pretty nonexistent.  Dorms can be loud." -UCEAP Student
"Be prepared to be shocked.  Ghana is not for the weak.  Expect to grow up a lot and learn about the world and other people." -UCEAP Student
"People often enter your room without knocking.  If you want to be alone, lock your door." -UCEAP Student
"Even though we had no running water for 4 to 6 days a week, electricity failed sometimes, and sanitation was poor, we lived lavishly in comparison to most of the country.  But you get used to it and, after a while, you rarely notice how different it is.  Going home will be shocking and feel very luxurious." -UCEAP Student
"Power and water will be an issue, no matter which dorm you live in. But if you signed up to go to Africa, you should be aware that there are going to be major differences in lifestyle." -UCEAP Student
Daily Life Abroad
​"Humor helps with everything.  Try to joke with people who appear to be offering an unfair price when you're shopping.  Speaking in Twi will also help get a good price." -UCEAP Student
Local Transportation
The UCEAP program budget does not include funds for recreational travel abroad.
 
The University of Ghana is located in the Legon district of northern Accra about 11 miles from Accra Central (downtown Accra).
 
Public transportation—including buses, taxis, and trains—is available in Ghana. The preferred method of transportation is taxi. Train travel is slow and can be dangerous.

Tro-Tros

A tro-tro is a general term for any public transportation vehicle other than a bus or taxi that is designed to carry many people. These minivans provide a vital public service transporting up to 20 passengers around the city and countryside. Tro-tros are typically old, 12-passenger VW vans. Similar to shared taxis, tro-tros will run along fixed routes, have fixed fares, and will rarely run with less than capacity. Tro-tro drivers use hand signals indicating their destination. Vehicle maintenance and driving standards can be poor. Tro-tro accidents can cause loss of life to occupants. They have little or no provision for passenger comfort and safety. They are frequently involved in road crashes outside of Accra. Drivers often work long hours. Do not travel by tro-tro; if you must, use common sense before boarding a vehicle. If in doubt, wait for the next vehicle.

Buses

Vanef STC government-run buses are considered among the best in West Africa, and are probably the safest and fastest way to travel long distances. STC operates 2 classes: Regular and luxury (economy and express). Only express are air conditioned. STC operates between Accra, Kumasi, Takoradi, Tamale, Cape Coast, and other main cities. There are also several new private bus services (e.g., VIP, VVIP, OA, M-Plaza, etc.) that provide high-quality intercity services to major cities throughout Ghana and West Africa.
 
Purchasing bus tickets can be challenging. Buses frequently fill up very early. You may need to purchase your ticket a day or two prior to your trip as seats may not be available on the day you want to leave. Some bus stations do not sell tickets in advance and you will need to go to the station very early (4:00 or 5:00 am) to get a seat for travel that day.
 
Buses frequently run late. Former UCEAP students recommend purchasing tickets for the morning so you arrive at your destination on time.
 
Vanef STC Phone: 233-302-221-912

Taxis

Taxis are widely available and fairly inexpensive but are often not well maintained outside of major cities. It is best if you charter taxis and do not share them with strangers. Dropping, or fixed-price taxis, are more expensive but preferable to shared taxis. Most taxis do not have meters, but a taxi ride anywhere in the city should not cost more than GHS 15-20 (roughly USD 10-12.00). Prices are negotiable. Always agree on a fare before getting into the vehicle. Fares will vary based on the time of day (rush hour, late night, during bad weather, etc.) Taxis on campus have a fixed rate. Do not use unregistered taxis at any time. There are sufficient registered taxis in Accra to transport all passengers without the need to use unregistered vehicles.
 
Female students are strongly discouraged from traveling alone in taxis at night. In the event that a lone student must use a taxi, you should sit in the rear of the vehicle behind the driver and lock both rear doors on entering the vehicle. Never allow strangers to enter the vehicle once you are already inside. Be cautious and use the same street smarts you would utilize in any major city in the U.S.
 
Extracurricular Activities
When you decide to participate in UCEAP Ghana, you expect it to be challenging. That is why you participate; to challenge yourself, to learn, and to grow.
 
Participating in extracurricular cultural and social activities while on UCEAP is an excellent way to meet people, improve your language skills, and integrate more fully into the community.
 
Opportunities are not limited to those mentioned in this guide. This section discusses just a few of the many activities past students have enjoyed.
 
Join sports, musical, theater, or arts groups; volunteer at local organizations, attend lectures and receptions held in academic and community circles, and get the most out of your time abroad! Sports such as soccer (football), basketball, boxing, and cricket are popular with Ghanaian students. One UCEAP student joined the track and field team at UG and was able to travel around Ghana and compete.
 
Various institutions sponsor Ghanaian, North American, or European cultural activities. The Arts Center on High Street presents displays of African dancing and art. The British Council shows British films. The Goethe Institute shows German films, most of which are subtitled in English. It also presents concerts, art exhibitions, and lectures. The Alliance Française has a library and theater club, and sponsors exhibitions, film shows, and concerts. Outside Accra there are often durbars, which are local festivities with colorful parades, dancing, and drumming. There is also the Du Bois Memorial Centre for Pan-African Culture, which has a gallery and research library. The American Embassy also sponsors activities for some special holidays or celebrations.
 

Peer Guides and Local Friends

The Study Center will direct you to information on cultural and social events, and will arrange activities and excursions during the term.
 
Local Ghanaian students (peer guides) will also be available through the Study Center to provide you with advice, especially during the orientation. Once the semester begins, the peer guides will be occupied with their own academic life and will not be “on call”. Be aware that peer guides may decline your offers to socialize during the semester because they are not only busy with their studies, but they often cannot afford to socialize at bars and restaurants.
 
UCEAP students often become fond of the peer guides, but it is important to keep in mind proper etiquette to maintain positive relationships with new local friends. For example, UC students have a reputation for being somewhat demanding of the peer guides. The peer guides will provide helpful advice and guidance, but they also expect you to listen and treat them with respect. Treating peer guides to a meal or giving gifts is appreciated and appropriate.
"Get involved in your hall activities!" -UCEAP Student 
Students with Disabilities
​Contact the Study Center staff if you need information or help.
 
For more information:
 
Travel Sign-out Form

Leaving your host city for more than 24 hours?

You are required to complete the online sign out through your MyEAP account. 
 
Click on Travel Signout and complete all required fields. During an emergency (abroad or in the U.S.), it is important for UCEAP officials to know how to reach you so we can help you. 
 
The UCEAP program budget does not include funds for recreational travel abroad.
 "Traveling around Ghana and West Africa was worth every second of discomfort I experienced." -UCEAP Student
 
Working Abroad
Ghana Immigration does not allow individuals in the country on a student visa to engage in employment that earns a salary. Internships that offer transportation and meal allowances are allowed and students do not have to report these benefits to the Internal Revenue Service as income if such work is for academic purposes.  Please review the Internships in the Academic Information section above.​
LGBTIQ Students
Ghana is very conservative, and there is little understanding of gay, lesbian, bisexual, or transgender relationships. Homosexuality in Ghana is illegal. Although there is a small gay community, there is no “scene” and a large portion of Ghanaian society does not accept that such activity exists.
 
It is common for Ghanaian men and women to hold hands or walk arm-in-arm with friends of the same gender, but this is a sign of friendship and not of sexual orientation. Being sensible about revealing one’s sexual orientation is advisable. Being “out” can invite harassment and physical attack. 

Anti-LGBT violence may occur in Ghana. There are legal restrictions against consensual same-sex relations. There are reported incidents of arrests and extortion attempts in relation to same-sex activities. Same-sex couples that publicly express affection may face harassment from locals and police. Avoid open demonstrations of your preference. At the same time, there is no pressure to disclose your sexual orientation.
 
Attitudes and tolerance toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons vary from country to country, just as they vary among U.S. cities and states. LGBT students face a harsh legal and social environment throughout sub-Saharan Africa. Nearly every nation in the region poses at least a moderate risk. Overall, social attitudes do not differ greatly from official legal codes. 
 
​For more information,
Culture Shock
​Your encounter with new cultures will necessitate adjustment to different customs, lifestyle and languages. Ghana is different from the U.S., and culture shock will hit you one way or another. It can be stressful to realize that what you expected is not the same as the reality that greets you when you arrive. Perhaps, for the first time in your life, everything around you is completely new, strange, and unfamiliar—and you are not going back to California in a week. The difference between what you expect and what you actually experience may determine the level of distress that you feel.
 
It is easy to become worn down from physical and mental stress due to the vastly different environment. Whenever your usual coping mechanisms are not working for you or you find yourself making coping choices that are not in your best interest, realize that you may need more support, and seek help.
 
Many students in Ghana experience significant culture shock as they have not traveled to a culture so different from their own. Do not be surprised to think “this is harder than I expected.” In general, Americans are largely uninformed about the conditions of daily life in Africa so expect the unexpected and be sensitive to preconceptions or unrealistic expectations. Ask for insight from locals and acknowledge that this is a valuable learning experience.
 
Insurance
UCEAP Insurance

Know Before you Go

 
While abroad you are automatically covered by the UCEAP Travel Insurance Policy.  Coverage begins 14 days before the official start date of your UCEAP program term. Coverage ends 31 days after the official end of the UCEAP program term.
 
The UCEAP travel insurance does not include coverage for preventative care, checkups, and vaccinations. Read details in Benefits at a Glance. Familiarize yourself with the coverage, exclusions, and eligibility criteria. Your travel insurance policy number is ADDN 04834823.  It is underwritten by Chubb Insurance Company.
 
There is no deductible or co-insurance but the travel insurance works on a reimbursement basis.  You can submit a claim for a refund consideration of covered expenses.  For more information about the medical claim proces or about non-medical claims.
 
Do not assume that if you seek medical care abroad for a covered illness or injury that the local hospital will bill your insurance.  Generally, hospitals around the world, including the US, do not bill insurance companies (unless there is a special arrangement with a local hospital in your UCEAP country).  It is your responsibility to inquire with the hospital, at the time of service, and make arrangements to pay any outstanding bills. Payment for medical services abroad is ultimately your responsibility.
 
For more information refer to your Pre-Departure Checklist, Insurance tab, or the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, Insurance chapter.
 

For Questions about Coverage, Benefits and Claims Status

ACI at claims@acitpa.com.

 
Staying Healthy
Local Medical Facilities
Medical facilities are adequate in Accra and limited elsewhere. Local medical care is adequate for routine illnesses such as dehydration or malaria. Local physicians and medical professionals are knowledgeable and equipped to diagnose and treat conditions that are common in Ghana.  Most doctors and hospitals will expect payment in cash, regardless of UCEAP travel insurance.
 
The Study Center recommends the following facilities:  
  • Health Link (East Legon), Del International (East Legon)
  • Ghana-Canada Hospital  (Adjiriganor)
  • Nyaho Medical Centre (Airport Residential)
  • 3M & C Medical Center - a new 24 hour facility in East Legon, close to campus (www.3mandc.com) has a full service medical and dental care with a lab and pharmacy.
  • Yeboah Hospital, also in East Legon , less than 5 miles from campus, is another new state of the art medical facility in Accra.
You may also use the University Hospital (Korle-Bu). Korle-Bu has a convenient on-campus pharmacy near the Guest Center that is open 24 hours. Pharmacy staff members are helpful for consulting about basic needs. The Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital is the primary health care facility in Ghana. It is the only tertiary hospital in the southern part of Ghana and it is also a teaching hospital affiliated with the medical school of the University of Ghana. The hospital is large and extremely busy and chaotic compared to Western hospitals.
 
​Ambulance service is limited in Ghana. Several hospitals in Accra operate ambulance services, but these services provide transportation and only the most basic medical care. In an emergency, call either the Study Center staff or hire a taxi.
 
The U.S. Embassy in Accra also provides a list of local medical resources on their website.
 
Physical Health
If there are changes in your health history after you submit your health clearance to UCEAP, you must immediately notify the Program Specialist.
 
Know Before you Go
In addition to a required online UCEAP Travel Health Education Certification course, you will receive extensive health-related orientation materials, which you are responsible for reading before departure. Share all information with your parents. 
 
If you feel sick or have a medical emergency, seek medical attention and contact the Study Center immediately. The Study Center will direct you to the appropriate clinic, provide information about the UCEAP insurance claim process, and help if arrangements need to be made with professors due to extended absence from class.  
  
Americans are accustomed to telling their doctors what they think and what remedy they would like. This is not the case in Ghana. You should approach the local medical authorities with respect and not with a patronizing or demanding attitude, and carefully follow their instructions.

Tips to Stay Healthy

  • You are responsible for your own health.
     
  • Stay hydrated and drink only bottled water. Many students get sick because of dehydration. Ghana is humid. Watch for signs of heat exhaustion (dizziness, fatigue, weakness, drenching sweats, clammy skin, fainting, and headache) and heat stroke (hot, flushed dry skin, rapid heart rate, confusion, or loss of consciousness and convulsions). These are serious medical conditions and need to be treated immediately. For heat exhaustion, rest in a cool place and drink plenty of liquids (non-alcoholic).
     
  • Proper precautions will significantly reduce your risk of serious illness or injury. 
     
  • Protect against sun and heat by wearing sunscreen and a hat.
     
  • Know the signs and symptoms of illness, especially if you are susceptible to bacterial, fungal, or viral infections.
     
  • Understand STD concepts and risks for HIV transmission.
     
  • Basic personal healthy behaviors, being careful about food and water, protecting against insect and mosquito bites, and washing hands frequently with soap and water are important ways of preventing many common travel illnesses. If soap and water are not available, use an alcohol-based hand gel (with at least 60% alcohol).
     
  • Do not eat undercooked food and/or food from street vendors. Do not drink unpasteurized dairy products.
     
  • To prevent serious parasitic infections, avoid swimming, wading, or rafting in bodies of fresh water, such as lakes, ponds, canals, streams, or rivers.
     
  • Avoid handling animals. The rabies virus is prevalent throughout Africa, and your chances of being exposed to the virus through an animal bite are not remote. If you are bitten or scratched, immediately wash the affected area with soap and water and seek medical attention.
  •  
  • Running water may not always be available so take some alcohol-based sanitizer that does not require rinsing. For greatest germicidal efficacy, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) recommends a concentration range of 60–95 percent ethanol or isopropanol in sanitizers.
     
  • Take a small medical kit containing cold remedies, cough drops, cough medicine, throat lozenges, antibacterial gel, and medications for diarrhea, nausea, and upset stomach. Take enough to get you through the first few weeks until you can find what you need in Accra. 

Food and Water Safety

Diarrhea is the most common illness in travelers. Contaminated food and water pose the greatest risk. Food and beverage precautions are essential in order to reduce chance of illness.
  • Consume only bottled water. Make sure the seal has not been tampered with.
     
  • Drink only known brands of bottled water and sachet water. Even brushing your teeth or rinsing your contact lenses with tap water can be a source of contamination. Beverages containing ice can be another source. Take precautions and ask questions.
     
  • Avoid unpasteurized dairy products, including cream, ice cream, yogurt, or whipped cream. Cheese, unless cured, is best avoided.
     
  • Eat only thoroughly cooked foods served hot. Avoid pork and salads. Vegetables should be well cooked and served hot. Peel fruits with intact skins before consumption. Avoid raw and undercooked eggs, and dishes prepared with raw eggs (steak tartar, mayonnaise, and dressings). Avoid cold buffets, custards, and any frozen desserts.
     
  • Do not buy food from street vendors. Past participants have been sick with typhoid.  Be careful about places where food may have been sitting out for a long period, such as buffets.  

Know Before you Go

Inform yourself before you travel.  Just as language and currency vary around the world, so does medical care.  Know what to do if you get sick.
 
Read the Health chapter of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad and your Program Guide for important information to plan for a healthy stay abroad.
 
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) Traveler's Health web page has important information about health risks present in the country where you will be studying.
 
Prescription Medications
 

PLAN AHEAD

  • Understand your UCEAP travel insurance terms of coverage.
  • If you need a refill while abroad, you must see a local doctor to get a similar prescription. Note:​ If the visit to the local doctor is considered preventive care, it will not be covered by the UCEAP travel insurance.  It may be covered if you are insured through your campus health insurance plan.  It will be critical to have a letter from a U.S. doctor during this appointment explaining your diagnosis, treatment, and medication regimen, including the generic name. 
  •  
  • If you need to find out if this appointment would be covered by the UCEAP travel insurance, contact ACI at claims@acitpa.com. For more information about the UCEAP travel insurance, refer to your UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, or your pre-departure checklist, Insurance tab.
  •  
  • Two classes of medicines – narcotics and psychotropics – are under the control of international law. This covers any medicine that can have an effect on the Central Nervous System (CNS) and the potential to be abused. The narcotic class mostly relates to analgesic opioids and their derivatives (e.g. morphine and codeine) which tend to be highly regulated. Psychotropics are all those medications likely to be used to treat mental disorders such as anxiety, depression, and psychotic conditions.

Before Departure

  • If you plan to purchase medication using the UCEAP Travel Insurance coverage, you must fill and pay for medication when coverage is effective (14 days before the official start of the program).  Do not assume that your local pharmacy knows about the UCEAP travel insurance policy.  It is not the same as your campus health insurance coverage. You will need to pay for the medication and submit a claim to the UCEAP insurance.
  •  
  • Find out whether your medication is legal in your UCEAP country.
  •  
  • If traveling with a prescription containing controlled substances, review international agreements governing the transportation of medications across borders check the International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) website. The INCB is responsible for international drug control. If traveling with controlled substances, you must have a letter from your doctor. Generally, amphetamines (e.g., Adderall, Vyvanse) are illegal in other countries. Talk with your doctor to switch you to another medication.
  •  
  • Talk to your doctor to see whether he/she can prescribe an adequate supply of your prescription medication to last through the end of the program.  Ask your doctor how to adjust your dosage depending on time zone changes.
        
  • Get a letter from the prescribing physician on letterhead  indicating your diagnosis, treatment, and medication regimen, including the generic name as brand names vary considerably around the world.

Traveling with prescription medications

  • Keep the medication in its original packaging. Ensure that it is clearly labelled with your full passport name, doctor’s name, generic and brand name, and exact dosage. Carry it in your carry-on luggage, provided it is in pill or solid form. For more information, particularly if your medication is in liquid form, consult the US Transportation Security Administration., Traveling with Medications.
  •  
  • Carry copies of all original prescriptions.
     
  • Carry the letter on letterhead from the prescribing physician for all prescribed medications, indicating your diagnosis, treatment, and medication regimen, including the generic names. This is extremely important in case you need treatment or a medication refill abroad.
     
If your particular medication cannot be taken into the country in quantities to last through your stay, talk to your doctor.  If you need to switch prescriptions, your doctor may need to make changes to your medication at least 3-6 months before departure to monitor side effects.  The letter from your doctor indicating condition, treatment and medication regimen, can help a local physician to assess you and to consider reissuing your prescription provided it is licensed in your UCEAP country. Note that the local doctor's appointment for medication refill may not be covered by the UCEAP travel insurance.
 
Consult with ACI, claims@acitpa.com. Read more in the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, Health section.
 
Mental Health
Mental health facilities are quite limited throughout Africa, and Ghana is no exception. Patients are treated in medical wards or transferred to the Accra Psychiatric Hospital. Wards are crowded and often lack basic resources.
 
The study center utilizes a private mental health facility in Accra called The Brain Clinic. It is manned by a first rate psychiatrist and has in and out patient care; most Western psychiatric medications and other non-pharmaceutical treatments are available.
 
Take advantage of the Wellness Program and meetings ("Palaver Sessions") offered by the Study Center Resident Director. The Center also has a list of professionals who can help address mental health needs.
 
It is important to speak with returnees and gather detailed information before you leave for Ghana.
If you are currently seeing a specialist for a psychological health condition, meet with the specialist to make sure that you have a plan in place if you need to reach out to local resources.
If you are currently in treatment in the U.S., discuss your UCEAP program details with your doctor so you can work on a plan in case you need to reach out for care. If you are taking a prescription medication, talk with your prescribing physician before departure about getting the supply you need for going abroad.  For information about traveling with medications, refer to the Prescription Medications section in this guide.​

Your mental health is important to us all. Create a plan with your treating doctor. Managing your mental health while studying abroad – whether or not you have a pre-existing condition – is something every person must think about when going abroad. Being away from usual stress at home can sometimes be a relief when abroad; experiencing new adventures can be a useful distraction. You will also have times when you feel confused, uncomfortable, annoyed, and many of the same emotions that you manage in your daily life at home.
 
Cultural adjustment and homesickness are normal. They are usually transitory—lasting a couple of weeks—and do not imply mental illness or an inability to cope. Most students who experience culture adjustment function reasonably well under the stress and are able to keep up with the responsibilities of school and everyday life.

You may feel homesick or sad. Feeling down, anxious, homesick, depressed or stressed might be your body’s reaction to the new environment and different life away from your usual support network. Don't cope alone.  Reach out for help to the local UCEAP program staff and your friends.  If you have been feeling unhappy for longer than a few days, or it is staring to affect your enjoyment of life and/or your studies, then you should see a doctor immediately.
 
The UCEAP travel insurance policy covers outpatient visits as any other illness up to $500,000; there is no co-pay or deductible, and you can make an appointment with any doctor. Budget for this expense as you must pay up front and submit a claim to the insurance company for a refund consideration.  Doctors, hospitals, and clinics will require you to pay bills at the time of treatment. You must then submit a completed claim form and paid receipts to the UCEAP insurance company. For information about the claims process, access Insurance Claims Process. If you have questions about your UCEAP travel insurance benefits contact ACI at claims@acitpa.com.
 
Health Risks
The required online UCEAP Travel Health course provides pre-departure health-related advice about specific precautions and recommended vaccinations. You are responsible for reading all UCEAP health-related materials.

Malaria

Malaria is endemic in Ghana with perennial transmission afflicting people of all ages throughout the country. Malaria is a common, serious, and sometimes fatal tropical disease (non-UC study abroad students have died in Ghana from malaria in the past). The highest rates of transmission occur in low-lying rural areas during, and just after, the rainy season. Despite rumors to the contrary, people do not become immune to malaria after having had the disease. There is no vaccination for malaria, but there is effective treatment once diagnosed.
 
You are required to take a malaria prophylaxis for the duration of your participation on UCEAP. Infection is spread by the night-time—dusk to dawn— biting female Anopheles mosquito. There is a high risk for malaria infection year-round.
 
The prescribed antimalarial prophylactic regimen does not provide 100 percent protection. You can get malaria even while taking medication, but the symptoms will be milder. To significantly reduce the risk of getting malaria, use personal preventive strategies in addition to taking the prescribed medication:
  • Stay indoors, limit outdoor activities, close all doors and windows.
  • Protect against bites between dusk and dawn when mosquitoes are most active, especially during the wet season.
  • Sleep under an insecticide (permethrin) impregnated bed net, if possible, even when indoors.
  • Wear clothing that covers arms and legs, and use an insect repellent containing DEET (at least 30 percent concentration) on exposed skin when outdoors, especially between dusk and dawn.
Take anti-malaria drugs on schedule—for the entire recommended dosing period—whether or not you think you received a mosquito bite. Symptoms of malaria include fever and flu-like illness, including shaking chills, headache, muscle aches, and tiredness. Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea may also occur. Malaria may cause anemia and jaundice (yellow coloring of the skin and eyes) because of the loss of red blood cells. Malaria symptoms will occur at least 7 to 9 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Fever in the first week of travel in a malaria-risk area is unlikely to be malaria; however, you must see a doctor right away if you develop a fever at any time during your trip.
 
Discuss antimalarial medication details with a health professional when you get your UCEAP Health Clearance and after the online UCEAP travel health course for Ghana. For more information on malaria, refer to the, U.S. CDC, Travel Medicine and MD Travel Health websites.
 
Anti-Malarial Medication
The UCEAP insurance policy will cover prescribed anti-malarial medication. Order and pay for the anti-malaria prophylaxis within 14 days before the official start date of the program and complete a claim form. Submit the claim form and a receipt for reimbursement. Make copies of all documentation.
 
Refer to the Medication and Supplies section of the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad for more information.
 
Note about Antimalarial Drugs
Purchase your antimalarial drugs before travel. Drugs purchased abroad may not be manufactured according to United States standards and may not be effective. They also may be dangerous, containing counterfeit medications or contaminants, or be combinations of drugs that are unsafe to use.
 
Avoid using antimalarial drugs that are not recommended unless you have been diagnosed with life-threatening malaria and no other options are immediately available. 
 
Clothing
Clothing provides a physical barrier to biting insects, provided it is sufficiently thick or tightly woven. Clothing protection is dramatically increased when the fabric is sprayed with permethrin. Far more than a repellent, permethrin is an insecticide (chemically related to the naturally occurring insecticide pyrethrum) that can be applied to clothing (as well as mosquito nets, tents, and gear). Insects are killed on contact with the treated fabric. Permethrin bonds tightly to the fabric and is effective for two weeks after spraying the fabric, and up to four months on stored clothes.
 
Skin Repellents
The most effective skin repellents contain DEET (at least 30 percent) and are essential to insect bite prevention. They should be applied every four to twelve hours, depending on the formulation, insect activity, and environmental conditions. Do not spray DEET directly on your face. DEET can be applied to either exposed skin or clothing. Do not apply DEET to skin that is covered by clothes or to synthetic fabrics (such as rayon) or plastics, because it can damage these products.
 
Repellents containing lemon eucalyptus (Repel Lemon Eucalyptus, Mosi-Guard) are an alternative to DEET, but as natural repellents, they are usually not as effective as DEET in repelling mosquitoes. Using both permethrin-treated clothing and a topical DEET repellent to exposed skin is known as the DoD (Department of Defense) system, and gives nearly 100 percent protection if the skin repellent contains at least 30 percent DEET.
 
Mosquito Nets
If you are not staying in a well-screened or air-conditioned room, spray your living and sleeping quarters in the evening with a pyrethroid-containing insecticide for flying insects. This will eliminate any insects that have entered the room during the day. You may also want to take the additional precaution of sleeping under a mosquito net. The net should extend to the floor or be tucked under the mattress to better prevent access by insects. Nets treated with permethrin are significantly more effective in preventing mosquito bites than untreated nets. 

Gastro-Intestinal Infections

Gastro-intestinal infections are the most common illnesses that affect student and can occur in any country you are visiting. Proper food handling, drinking purified water, and maintaining good personal hygiene are key to prevention.
 
The source of illness is the ingestion of contaminated food or water, person-to-person transmission, or recreational exposure to bodies of water. The infective agents can be bacteria, viruses, protozoa or toxins found in food.
 
Good personal hygiene practices (including frequent and thorough hand washing), proper food handling, and water purification are the most effective methods to prevent infection. 

Parasites

Schistosomiasis (transmitted by snails living in fresh water such as lakes, rivers, streams and ponds) risk is present in the whole country, including urban areas.
 
Food-transmitted intestinal parasitic infections can be prevented by washing salads and vegetables or thoroughly cooking food to destroy infective eggs. Avoid raw or undercooked food that may be contaminated.
 
Prevent soil-transmitted infections by avoiding skin contact with the soil (e.g., do not walk barefoot or touch soil with bare hands).
 Do not swim or wade in fresh water (except in well chlorinated swimming pools) to avoid infection with schistosomiasis.

Giardiasis

Giardiasis is a worldwide intestinal parasitic infection. Symptoms include chronic diarrhea, bloating, low-grade fever, nausea, and headaches. It is caused through the ingestion of contaminated food and water.

Immunocompromised Students

Students with immune suppression due to any medical condition, drug, or treatment have an increased risk of illness, especially malaria. For such students, prevention of malaria by avoiding mosquito bites and using chemoprophylaxis is particularly important. Discuss with your doctor whether your condition, medications, and treatments constitute contraindications to or decrease the effectiveness of any of the disease-prevention measures recommended for your stay in Ghana.
 
Food Allergies
Students with severe food allergies should take precautions, as the cuisine may include ingredients that can cause anaphylaxis in those affected. A language barrier increases the risks associated with severe food allergies. 
 
Precautions to take include:
  • Research the local cuisine. Be aware that some popular local sauces may contain nuts.
     
  • Discuss the risks with your doctor six to eight weeks before departure to discuss your treatment plan while abroad.
     
  • Carry the medications you need to prevent an adverse reaction like antihistamines or epinephrine injectors with refills. Pack it in your carry-on, not your checked luggage. Your medication must be in its original packaging, with your name.
     
  • Have a letter from your physician to present to airport security that states your need to have the epinephrine auto injector with you at all times.
     
  • Wear a medical alert bracelet or tag with instructions for assistance in both English and the local language. Wearing medical identification at all times can help should a life-threatening reaction occur.
     
  • Tell others about your food allergy.
  •  
  • Carry a card written in English and the local language explaining what foods cause allergies and possible reaction. Make several copies in case you lose one. Be sure to have a native speaker verify that you have written everything correctly.
For more information, read the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, Health chapter, Allergies section.
 
Air Quality
​Sub-Saharan African cities are increasingly among the most polluted cities in the world. The availability of air pollution data in this region is limited. Accra is the only municipality reporting to the World Health Organization and has high levels of particulate matter contributing to poor air quality. Exposure and concentration of pollutants can adversely affect your health. When planning your trip, consider your health status, age, destination, length of trip and season to help you mitigate the effects of air pollution. Talk to your doctor.
Staying Safe
Minimize Risk
​The University of California Education Abroad Program has established policies and procedures to help you minimize your risk exposure and enhance your safety. However, your own conduct is the central factor in promoting your individual safety and well-being.
 
Staying safe and secure on UCEAP is a partnership between you and UCEAP and it requires you to take personal responsibility for maintaining culturally appropriate behavior, exercising sound judgment and abiding by UCEAP policies and procedures. Essential safe behaviors include being aware of the local culture and of your surroundings, understanding how your conduct and actions may be perceived, and being sensitive to the impact that your behavior could have on your personal safety.

When it comes to your safety and security, you have to be willing to adapt your behavior and lifestyle to minimize the potential for being a target of crime. As with anywhere in the world, crime does exist in Ghana. You can reduce your risk of becoming a target for crime by avoiding situations that make you feel uncomfortable and by taking advance precautions.

Adopt a Lifestyle that Reduces Risk

You are safest when your fellow students, friends and UCEAP staff look out for you. At the same time, you are expected to be responsible for your safety and well-being. Living and traveling in an unfamiliar environment, with a limited understanding of the local culture, and the Ghanaian perception that you are wealthy because you are from the United States, are some of the factors that can put your safety at risk. You must be prepared to change your lifestyle preferences and habits in respect of Ghanaian cultural expectations and to minimize security risks. Choices in dress, living arrangements, means of travel, entertainment, and companionship may have a direct impact on how Ghanaians perceive you.
 
The U.S. Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) rates Ghana as a high-crime threat post. Street crime is a serious problem and more acute in Accra and other larger cities. Most reported incidents are crimes of opportunity for immediate gain, such as pick-pocketing and petty theft. Armed banditry is a concern in rural areas.
 
Violent crime is reported to be on the rise. Several Americans have been the victims of theft at gunpoint. Incidents of armed robbery have even been reported on campus, though muggings, purse and mobile phone snatching, various types of scams, and pick-pocketing are the most common forms of crime confronting students in Ghana. To reduce vulnerability, limit your display of jewelry and handle your cash discreetly. Do not take valuable items to Ghana. Given the risk of petty theft or armed robbery, a money belt that is worn under clothing is a good investment.
 
American travelers have reported theft in crowded market areas, beaches and parks, and at tourist attractions. There have also been instances in the past of armed robberies in some of the University of Ghana dormitories. Although armed robberies have taken place, no UCEAP student has been physically harmed in these events. UCEAP and the University of Ghana have taken decisive measures to improve student safety in the residence halls. Know how to get help in an emergency. Compliance is the best way to mitigate the threat of violence; individuals resisting armed robbers face a high risk of injury.

Alcohol & Drugs

Drugs, including marijuana, are illegal and socially unacceptable in Ghana. You are subject to local laws and UCEAP policy on substance abuse, which include immediate dismissal from the program.
Drug related crimes are of particular concern in Ghana, as West Africa is a major hub for the transit of illegal narcotics into Europe and Latin America. Foreigners, including students, convicted of drug crimes can expect to face a heavy sentence, as Ghanaian security services prosecute such crimes with extreme prejudice. The US Embassy will not be able to assist a student arrested on drug charges.
 
Never become involved with drugs of any kind. Marijuana use amongst UC students is a problem in Ghana that UCEAP or the University of Ghana will not tolerate.
 
Ghana has severe laws regarding possession, use, and trafficking of illegal drugs. Punishment can include long jail sentences and heavy fines. For example, possession of small amounts of marijuana can lead to a prison sentence in excess of five years and heavy fines, usually after a lengthy and expensive legal process. Anyone found in possession of illegal drugs on university property will be severely dealt with and suspended from the host university and UCEAP.  
 
Getting drunk, smoking, and being loud in public are not common social behaviors at the University of Ghana. The legal drinking age in Ghana is 18. Alcohol is served in most restaurants on campus, but is not allowed in dorm rooms. Religion also influences Ghanaian attitudes towards drinking, even socially. Many Ghanaians do not drink alcohol. Too much alcohol makes you more prone to accidents and falling victim to a wide variety of crime. Limiting alcohol use will help you to control risky or difficult situations.

Criminal Penalties

While you are traveling in Ghana, you are subject to its laws. Penalties for breaking the law can be more severe than in the United States for similar offenses. Persons violating Ghana’s laws, even unknowingly, may be expelled, arrested, or imprisoned. Neither UC nor the U.S. embassy can mediate.
 
​The University of California Education Abroad Program has established policies and procedures to help you minimize your risk exposure and enhance your safety. However, your own conduct is the central factor in promoting your individual safety and well-being.
 
Staying safe and secure on UCEAP is a partnership between you and UCEAP and it requires you to take personal responsibility for maintaining culturally appropriate behavior, exercising sound judgment and abiding by UCEAP policies and procedures. Essential safe behaviors include being aware of the local culture and of your surroundings, understanding how your conduct and actions may be perceived, and being sensitive to the impact that your behavior could have on your personal safety.

Taking Pictures

Taking pictures near sensitive installations, including military sites and some government buildings, is prohibited. These sites are not always clearly marked and application of these restrictions are subject to interpretation.

Camouflage Apparel

It is strictly prohibited to wear any military apparel such as camouflage jackets or trousers, or any clothing or items that may appear military in nature. 
Crime & Prevention
Street crime is a serious problem in Ghana, especially acute in Accra and other larger cities. Pickpockets and thieves often carry out crimes of opportunity (snatch-and-grab attacks) on city streets, in crowded areas, and from vehicles idling in traffic. Pickpocketing, purse snatching, and various types of scams are the most common forms of crime confronting visitors. U.S. travelers have reported these types of theft at crowded markets, beaches, parks, and tourist attractions including the Jamestown area.

Thieves typically target purses, bags, wallets, smartphones, and other electronic devices. These opportunistic crimes can occur anywhere, but especially at major tourist attractions, publicbeaches, parks, on buses, on streets, while in taxis or cars, in restaurants or bars, or outside of ATMs/banks. Criminals typically target foreigners due to their perceived wealth​

Crime hotspots in Accra also include Ablekuma, Awundome Cemetery Road, Dzorwulu, George Walker Bush Highway, Graphic Road, Jamestown and Osu neighborhoods, near the Accra Mall junction, Pokuase-Amasaman Road and the Teshie to Nungua road. Elevated levels of crime are present in Kumasi, Takoradi,Tema, and the Upper East and Upper West regions.​

While somewhat improved over previous years, security is still an issue on campus and in the city. The best deterrents against crime are personal situational awareness and common sense Take prudent and reasonable measures to protect your own well-being, just as you would on a UC campus. Although most students complete their program without personal safety problems, petty thefts and burglaries are not uncommon. 

For more information, consult the US Department of State Country Information, https://travel.state.gov/content/passports/en/country/ghana.html 
 
Be practical and follow basic precautions:
  • Keep your dorm door and windows locked at all times even when you are stepping outside for a brief moment and especially when you go to bed. Almost all incidents of theft on campus appear to have been opportunistic in nature, and locked doors and windows would have prevented loss. Criminal persons of concern on-site appear to be aware of the rooms that international students are staying in, and will target these rooms specifically.
     
  • Keep your belongings out of sight when in your room.
     
  • Maintain a culturally appropriate behavior. Exercise sound judgment and abide by UCEAP policies and procedures. Essential safe behaviors include being aware of the local culture and of your surroundings, understanding how your conduct and actions may be perceived, and being sensitive to the impact that your behavior could have on your personal safety.
     
  • Never allow strangers to enter your room. Do not give room details to strangers.  Do not invite strangers or questionable acquaintances to your dorm, and do not automatically open your door to unexpected (unscheduled) visits by service people (laundry, maintenance, etc.) who may claim to be affiliated with the university.
     
  • Stay in close touch with the Study Center and attend all meetings organized by Study Center staff.
     
  • Do not walk alone at night, particularly in unlit or isolated areas, or even during the day. Stay in well-lit areas. Walk in pairs or in groups.
     
  • Be careful and selective regarding with whom you associate.
     
  • Meet friends in public places or dorm common rooms.
     
  • Always travel in pairs or groups, especially when going out at night. During orientation, you will learn how to travel around the city, and where not to travel, especially at night.
     
  • Limit alcohol consumption. Alcohol is a mind-altering drug, which affects physical coordination and decision making abilities. Alcohol dulls your instincts and awareness of danger.
     
  • Do not develop a false sense of security after being in Ghana for a while.
     
  • Jog or run in pairs during the day, and only in well-populated areas.
     
  • Do not count money in public; use a money belt under your garments.
     
  • Never board an occupied taxi. Do not allow a second driver or passenger to enter. If this occurs, exit the taxi immediately. Passengers can be used as decoys to rob you.
     
  • Change your lock if you are robbed.
     
  • Avoid the services of errand boys, who can scout information and provide it to accomplices.
     
  • Do not allow hawkers (people coming to your dorm room to sell items) into your room.
     
  • The U.S. Department of State pamphlets A Safe Trip Abroad and Tips for Travelers to Sub-Saharan Africa provide useful information on protecting personal security while traveling abroad and on travel in the region in general. Both are available on the Students Abroad website.
     
  • If you are confronted by a thief do not resist or fight. 
If you are a victim of any type of robbery, alert the Study Center immediately. Your safety is of primary concern to UCEAP, and direct communication will help staff respond quickly.

Theft & Fraud

Credit Card Fraud
While major U.S. and international credit cards are accepted across the country, credit card fraud is prevalent throughout most of Africa, especially in Ghana.
 
Use of credit cards in Ghana should be avoided if possible, as a growing number of travelers have been victims of credit card fraud. If you must use a credit card, use it in reputable restaurants. Be present during the transaction process, and retain and destroy all receipts and carbons. The best practice to mitigate the risk of credit card fraud is to make all purchases in cash.
 
Stolen Passport
Report the loss or theft abroad of your U.S. passport immediately to local police and the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. Provide the embassy with a photocopy of your passport to expedite the replacement process.

Illegal Drugs

Ghana has become a significant trans-shipment point for illegal drugs, particularly cocaine from South America and heroin from Afghanistan. Ghana has taken limited steps to combat illicit trafficking of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances. Trafficking has fueled increasing domestic drug consumption. The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) has an office in the Embassy and works closely with the Narcotics Control Board (NCB), which coordinates government counter-narcotics efforts. These activities include enforcement and control, education, treatment, rehabilitation, and reintegration. Penalties for possessing, using, or trafficking in illegal drugs are severe, and convicted offenders can expect long jail sentences and heavy fines.The use of illegal drugs procured in Ghana may have life-threatening consequences. There have been several deaths of U.S. citizens resulting from the use of locally-procured narcotics.
Civil Unrest
​Civil unrest in Ghana arises mainly out of political, economic, or ethnic tensions. Political rallies and protests increase significantly during election periods. Security disturbances are infrequent in Accra. When violent incidents occur, security services are able to contain the violence and restore order.
 
Traffic & Transportation Safety

Road Safety and Road Conditions

Students may encounter road conditions that differ significantly from those in the U.S. Primary roads are generally paved and well-maintained. However, side roads in major cities and many roads outside the cities are in poor condition and add significant time to a trip. While travel during daylight hours on both paved and unpaved roads is generally considered safe, a combination of road conditions, lack of lighting, violent criminals, and obstacles make travelling at night very dangerous.
 
Roads outside of main roadways tend to be poorly maintained and inadequately marked. Travel in darkness outside the major cities is extremely hazardous due to carjacking attempts, the potential for armed robbery, a lack of street lighting, hazards posed by broken-down vehicles in the road, and the unpredictable behavior of stray/farm animals and pedestrians. Road lighting is inadequate at best and nonexistent outside of cities.
 
Excessive speed, unpredictable local driving habits, pedestrians/livestock in the roadway, and the lack of adherence to basic safety standards for vehicles are daily hazards. Many vehicles are unlicensed, and many drivers lack basic driver training or insurance. Emergency services are limited or nonexistent in many parts of the country. Drivers should carry spare tires, fuel, and tools on long trips, as there is no roadside assistance. Due to poor driving conditions and the poor mechanical state of many vehicles, vehicle travel after dark outside of urban areas is not recommended. There have been increased reports of vehicular fatalities over the past few years.
 
Travelers are routinely stopped at police checkpoints throughout Ghana, and vehicles and passengers may be searched. Drivers must possess an international driver’s license (available from AAA and the American Automobile Touring Alliance). Foreign nationals should carry documentation of their status (passport, visa).

Recommendations

  • Seventy percent of commercial vehicles are in poor condition and inadequately maintained. Delays are common. Determine if driver is licensed. Check insurance and registration stickers displayed on windshields. Determine if they are current. Avoid vehicles in poor condition.
     
  • Cycling is discouraged. Motorists, especially taxi drivers, generally have hostile attitudes toward cyclists. Pedestrians and street vendors may act aggressively toward cyclists. Pedestrians may step in front of cyclists.
     
  • Roads outside major cities generally are in poor condition. Almost all secondary roads are unpaved.
     
  • The standard of driving and road and vehicle conditions in Ghana is extremely poor by Western standards and serious road traffic accidents occur daily inside and outside of Accra. Aggressive drivers, poorly maintained vehicles, and overloaded vehicles pose serious threats to road safety.
     
  • Female students should never travel alone, particularly at night, due to the increased risk of crime and sexual violence at night. Remember the principle of safety in numbers.
     
  • The safety standards of the small, private buses called “tro tros” that transit roads and highways are uncertain and service is unreliable. Travelers are encouraged to consider this when making travel arrangements.

Taxis

Taxis are readily available. Few taxis have meters. Conditions of taxis vary greatly. Drivers may drive unsafely.  Ask to be dropped off if the driving makes you uncomfortable.
 
Okadas (motorcycle taxis) provide transport between neighborhoods and main bus routes. High road risk. Drivers often speed and drive aggressively and unsafely. Drivers use narrow alleys and walkways to bypass congested roads. Okadas have been banned in Accra but continue to operate. Motorcycle-related injuries and fatalities have increased over 400% in the past decade.
 
Motorcyclists, and their passengers have 35 times greater risk of dying and 8 times higher risk of being injured in a crash than car occupants.

Pedestrian Safety

Be cautious when crossing or walking along streets. Pedestrian overpasses or underpasses are seldom provided. Driving is on the right. Local conditions presenting particular hazards to pedestrians include: 
  • Lack of sidewalks, increase pedestrian risks.
  • Look both ways before crossing a street.
  • Do not jaywalk.
  • Pedestrians are likely to cross the road anywhere and at any time.
  • Drivers seldom slow down for pedestrians; they simply honk their horn, assuming people will get out of their way.
  • Cars, trucks, motorcyclists, and bicyclists often drive very close to pedestrians on the street.
  • Vehicles tend to travel at high speeds, making it difficult to brake safely.
  • Many Ghanaian streets have open and deep drainage canals running alongside them.
  • Where sidewalks exist, rain drains are large and seldom marked.  Pay attention.
  • Be alert when walking through cities, especially at night.  Sewer systems commonly consist of deep trenches along roads.
  • Pedestrians, cyclists, motorcyclists, and passengers in buses, mini buses, and trucks have the highest death and injury rates.
  • Be aware of these critical differences between pedestrian travel in the U.S. and Ghana, as unfamiliarity could result in serious injuries.

Driver Behaviors

California students are initially unaccustomed to the aggressive driving style of Ghanaians. Driver behaviors that could threaten your personal safety include:
  • Illegal U-turns
  • Driving under the influence of alcohol
  • Reckless passing
  • Speeding (speeding is a factor in 50 percent of all road crashes in Ghana)
  • New drivers not trained adequately before they are allowed to drive private and commercial vehicles
  • Physical impairment (a recent survey carried out in Tamale revealed that 25 percent of commercial drivers were blind in one eye) 
These factors contribute to many road crashes. Exercise good judgment and extreme caution in any activity that involves the use or near proximity of motor vehicles in Ghana.
Taxi and tro-tro (minibus) drivers tend to drive aggressively.  They sometimes block roads, creating traffic jams. 
For more information refer to the Local Transportation chapter in this guide. 
University of Ghana Access Control and Perimeter Security
There are six official entry and exit points to the campus. However, there is limited control of entry to the campus, mainly due to insufficient security staff. Vehicles that are allowed onto the site are issued a vehicle pass (student, staff, vendor, taxi, tro-tro, and bus). Vehicles not displaying a sticker are supposed to be issued a 15-minute permit. At 10 p.m. each day, campus security closes all but one gate access point to the campus. Security officers man the open access point. There is a limited perimeter fence around the campus and there are many open areas along the perimeter where the local population can easily enter. There are many dark spots—including between dormitories— around the campus with limited or no security lighting. If you must go out at night, do not go out alone.
 

Security Measures

Campus Security initially handles all incidents on-site but will pass incidents to the police when necessary. All students experience varying degrees of unwanted attention and harassment.
 
Crime at the village or town level is much less frequent, but risks increase in proportion to population size. In urban areas, you must be especially security-conscious.
 
During the on-site orientation, a University of Ghana security representative gives advice on keeping safe: Where it is most safe to walk on campus and where it is not, and where and when you should move around with a group. They discuss areas best not passed through alone at night, and how to respond if you are mugged (e.g., not to resist and avoid looking attackers in the eyes). Procedures for being safe in the residence halls and tips on traveling at night in Accra are reviewed. Emergency phone numbers are distributed on a printed sheet and you are encouraged to enter them in your cell phone and keep a paper copy in your wallet.
 
Security measures at the University of Ghana campus and dorms include the following:
  • Undercover guard protection and security
  • Monitoring of vehicular traffic in and around the university
  • A night shuttle bus available from 7 p.m. to midnight for intracampus travel
  • Security walls surrounding the dorm
  • Hall exterior doors are locked at midnight and opened only at 1 a.m., 2 a.m., and 4:30 a.m. to accommodate late-returning residents
  • Issuing keys to student rooms—DO NOT allow anyone to borrow your key
UCEAP expects that these actions decreases the number of robberies on the Legon campus. It is impossible to guarantee complete safety anywhere in the world. Being informed and aware of your surroundings should be your priority wherever you are.
 
Ghanaian Law Enforcement
The Ghanaian Police Service (GPS) is almost solely a reactive force and demonstrates moderate proactive techniques or initiative to deter or investigate crime.  Police often lack the equipment, resources, training, and personnel to respond to calls for assistance or other emergencies.  The police have a poor record of investigating and solving serious crimes.  There is a visible police presence in Accra.
 
Remain calm if stopped. Interactions with local police can lead to cultural misunderstandings. Do not argue with security forces. Whenever possible, contact the Study Center to report crimes or other kinds of contact with law enforcement personnel.
Sexual Harassment & Sexual Violence
​There is a threat of sexual violence on the campus, primarily against female students. Sexual Violence can occur while UCEAP students study or travel abroad. If this happens to you, please contact local UCEAP Study Center staff immediately.
 
The majority of non-US students will be interested in friendship alone, but criminal elements may use the friendship pretense to gain greater access to the student. Local students may also perceive genuine attempts at friendship to be a “come-on”. Be aware of the differences in the dynamics of male-female friendship in Ghanaian culture.

Sexual assaults have been perpetrated against female students in Ghana this past year.  Even when students take an active role in increasing personal safety to reduce risk, they can still become a victim of sexual assault.

Practice risk reduction techniques:
  • Do not assume that it cannot happen to you. 
  • Practice the buddy system, and other risk reduction techniques, when going out so you can alert your buddy if you feel threatened or uncomfortable in a situation. 
  • Do not go out alone at night.
  • Stay alert. 
  • Attend the onsite workshop offered by the UCEAP Resident Director. 
  • Tell a roommate or friend about your travel or event plans.
  • Research local resources and learn how to summon help in an emergency. 
  • Always have the UCEAP emergency number with you. 
  • Follow the RAINN (Rape, Abuse & Incest National Network) Safety Tips
  • Be informed: Read and understand the UCEAP Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment Policy.
Four steps to protect your friends through bystander intervention. Everyone has a role to play in preventing sexual violences.  The four steps below can help you safely step in or make a difference if you see someone at risk.
  1. Create a distraction. Do what you can to interrupt the situation.
  2. Ask directly. Ask the person who may be in trouble, "who did you come here with?"  "Do you want me to stay with you?"
  3. Refer to an authority. This may be the safest way for you to intervene.
  4. Enlist others. It can be intimidating to approach a situation alone. Enlist another person to support you.
Every member of the UCEAP community should be aware that the University prohibits sexual violence and sexual harassment, retaliation, and other prohibited behavior (“Prohibited Conduct”) that violates law and/or University policy. The University will respond promptly and effectively to reports of Prohibited Conduct and will take appropriate action to prevent, to correct, and when necessary, to discipline behavior that violates this Policy on Sexual Violence and Sexual Harassment. Report to the local
UCEAP staff and/or partners if you suspect one of these behaviors has occurred.

Fire Safety
The dangers of fire are easily over looked, and incidences of electrical fires are high due to the poor quality of electric wiring and lack of general maintenance. Fire hazards and inadequate building designs for evacuation planning are also a potential problem in student accommodation blocks.
 
Many fire departments lack the proper equipment, particularly personal protective equipment, to thoroughly handle fires. Employee training is not always consistent.
 
The Ghana National Fire Service (GNFS) urges the public to observe fire safety precautions to minimize fires.
  • When visiting markets be aware of exit routes in case of a fire.
  • Residence halls are NOT equipped with fire detection devices or manual pull stations. Know how you will get out of your room in case of fire.
  • Do not use candles, lanterns, and open flame devices in any residential area because they are fire hazards.
  • Dial 192 in case of fire.
Flashlights and extra batteries are encouraged for power outages. Do not use candles.
 
Follow these general fire safety tips. Most college-related fires in the U.S. are due to a general lack of knowledge about fire safety and prevention. Educate yourself about fire safety standards in your UCEAP country. Fire safety standards differ drastically around the world.
  • Know where emergency exists are located and check whether exits are passable.
     
  • Know how to call the local fire department.
     
  • Do not stay in housing above the sixth floor so you are within range of most fire department rescue ladders.
     
  • Print and take with you the UCEAP brochure, Fire Safety 101 for Students.
     
  • Purchase and use a smoke detector. Before departure contact the Fire Safety Foundation. Choose from a variety of battery-powered smoke and carbon monoxide (CO) alarms, including models with sealed, 10-year batteries. Once purchased, the alarms and a multilingual installation manual – written in English and the host country’s native language - will be shipped to the address where you are residing.
     
  • Have an escape plan and practice it.
     
  • Treat every smoke alarm activation as a likely fire and react quickly and safely to the alarm.
     
  • Check for fire hazards. Make sure exit routes are not blocked.
     
  • If you have a disability, alert others of the type of assistance you need to leave the building.
     
  • Refer to the UCEAP Guide to Study Abroad, Fire Safety section for life-saving information.
 
UCEAP Contingency Planning
If a local situation requires increased caution or a program suspension and evacuation of participants, UCEAP will activate contingency plans. For security reasons, contingency plans are not public and cannot be shared with anyone except UCEAP officials.

Program Suspension Policy

If the U.S. Department of State or CDC issues a Travel Advisory after the start date of the program term, UCEAP may suspend the program. If time and local security conditions permit, UCEAP will consult with the UC Study Center Director, UC security provider, U.S. Embassy, U.S. Department of State regional and security analysts, other organizations that offer programs in the same country, and area experts to determine the appropriate timeframe for suspending the program and/or for the evacuation of the students from the host country.

Security Evacuation

The UCEAP required security evacuation will override any host institution, or local US Embassy evacuation on U.S. government-arranged flights, that require U.S. citizens to sign a promissory note with the government. The safe evacuation of UCEAP students, managed by UCEAP and its security providers, is covered by UCEAP itravel nsurance. UC students are required to follow UC safety directives in the event of an evacuation.
 
In An Emergency

What Is an Emergency?

An emergency is a serious, unexpected, and often dangerous situation requiring immediate action. The following are considered emergencies:
  • Any life/death situation
  • A traumatic event requiring immediate assistance
  • An arrest
  • Civil unrest or natural disaster in the host country

In an Emergency

Contact local emergency services first and then contact the following:
 

If you are in the U.S.

  • During office hours (8 a.m.–5 p.m. Pacific Time): Contact your Program Specialist at the UCEAP Systemwide Office at (805) 893-4762.
     
  • After office hours: Call the 24-hour emergency phone numbers at (805) 893-4762 or (805) 882-2086.
If you are abroad
 
Carry the local emergency contact information at all times:
 
Ambulance.................... 193
Fire................................192
Police............................191
 
 
U.S. Embassy in Accra:
 
U.S. Citizen Services
No. 19 Fifth Link Road, Cantonments, Accra
Phone: (233) 30-2741-570
Fax: (233) 30-2741-389
After-Hours Emergency: (233) 30-2781-803
 
American Citizen Services is open to the public from 8:30 a.m. to noon, Monday through Friday.
 
The University of California, in accordance with applicable Federal and State law and University policy, does not discriminate on the basis of race, national origin, religion, sex, gender identity, pregnancy,* disability, age, medical condition (cancer-related), ancestry, marital status, citizenship, sexual orientation, or status as a Vietnam-era veteran or special disabled veteran. The University also prohibits sexual harassment. This nondiscrimination policy covers admission, access, and treatment in University programs and activities. Inquiries regarding the University’s student-related nondiscrimination policies may be directed to the campus Equal Employment Opportunity/Affirmative Action office.

* Pregnancy includes pregnancy, childbirth, and medical conditions related to pregnancy or childbirth.